Health care’s future is data driven

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Darren is the chief executive at Apixio.

Despite spending more than $3 trillion a year on health care in the U.S., we do not yet have a way to easily access your complete medical history. The average hospital reinvests in MRI machines every five years or so at a cost of millions of dollars. Yet, comparatively little has been directed toward unlocking some of the most valuable information health insurers, physicians, and hospitals already have about you.

The U.S. produces 1.2 billion clinical care documents annually, but nearly 80 percent of the data they contain is unstructured. This information is difficult for entities to understand and use. The medical chart contains a record of your health care — visits with doctors and hospitals, treatments, procedures, medications, diagnoses, and the results of workups. It is the key to understanding your health and improving the care provided to you. Yet, the challenge of accessing and making that information useable is immense.

The typical medical chart is stored in various fragments across different locations and systems. Your primary care physician has their record of you but not the record from your cardiologist or gynecologist or from the emergency department doctor you saw six months ago for bronchitis, for example. Imagine your entire medical record as a jigsaw puzzle in which the pieces are scattered and stored in different locations and different types of boxes, each of which is hard to open. No wonder people feel as if they are repeating themselves every time they visit a medical facility.

Luckily, technologies that make sense of the immense amount of data and preserve the patient narrative are rapidly emerging. With the rise of  cognitive computing, natural language processing (NLP), and data science in health care, we now have the power to unlock untold value in health care data and drive proactive, targeted health care.

Enabling insights

The first step is being able to make sense of the rich narrative in the medical chart whether from a primary care physician or specialist practicing in different organizations, different regions or both. While your doctor is familiar with your record, the medical system as a whole is not. So medical care continues to be reactive rather than proactive.

This is where cognitive computing and NLP enter the picture. NLP tools can help extract data from free text found in the patient record creating valuable material for big data technologies to analyze. Cognitive computing platforms use NLP along with pattern recognition models and data mining techniques to simulate human thought processes in a self-learning computerized system. A cognitive computing platform refines the way it looks for patterns as well as the way it processes data so it becomes capable of anticipating new problems and modeling possible solutions.

Once doctors have access to patient data, the question is how can they use it to accurately predict what treatments are most effective. Data science gives rise to a better understanding of the relationship between treatments, outcomes and patients. Now health care organizations have the tools to combine data from different sources and paint a more complete picture of the patient to personalize their treatment.

A data-rich health care future

These technologies give health care organizations the ability to access the previously untapped 80 percent of health care data so providers have real-time access to information and a deeper understanding of patients. If doctors know more about patients, then they can make more intelligent decisions that will result in quicker recoveries, fewer readmissions, lower infection rates and fewer medical errors. Ultimately, it will supercharge the value of care.

Beyond benefiting individual patients, access to this data will also create a living laboratory of clinical data to better inform health care decisions. Now that information about clinical care can be machine read, physicians can access it and base research on the everyday clinical care of millions of patients. Rather than depending on narrowly designed studies that do not directly relate to individual patients, health care organizations and researchers can learn about health care delivery from everyday real-world data.

Big data technologies can make use of information that is locked up in our medical charts in different systems and locations so we can transform how we look at and interpret patient health. With access to the untapped 80 percent of patient data and tools that put the data to use, we can change the delivery and consumption of health care as we know it, and usher in a new data revolution in health care that will improve patient care and result in high-quality outcomes.

5 Comments

jpedroalmeida

This article os very up to date and well written. It was written by someone who really knows the healthcare environment and its challenges. Congratulations!

Lana Boltneva

The amount of Big Data that is generated daily is massive and analyzing it and managing this vast amount of data has become crucial to successfully building a competitive advantage. As a result, a new job titled of “data scientist” was created to fuse together unique skills such as programing, business, communication, quantification, and visualization. It’s a relatively new field that requires highly specialized skills and as a result, you really don’t have that many individuals to meet the increasing demand in North America and around the world. http://intersog.com/blog/overcoming-u-s-shortage-of-skilled-big-data-talent

Scott Stevens

I may have misinterpret really what they met by supercharging the Value of care not the cost.I needed my glasses as could even spell right but they are so correct it will save so many people & your local drugstore will knows about your last blood test & if they think he were given the wrong prescription.they can quickly check with the Dr. that wrote it.
Its amazing what changed so fast in Alberta with health care but if your real sick you have to come to the USA to be fix tomorrow as waiting lists can be long for procedure unless its life threatening.We have a great system but many babyboomers are getting sick now some Drs.make them only ask about one thing per appointment which is wrong.Many are great Drs. but you get paid a flat fee to see a patient so some want to make more & will have you come back 10 times to make more money..Myself I had a bad lung problem my brain stop talking to my lungs so had to be on machines could you imagine if I had to come talk about brain then make another appointment to talk about my lungs then another to see how we can fix this. Well older people have more problems so I would think it should not be allowed to let these so called Drs. have them come time & time again & in the mean time didn’t remember the last visits problem so can’t treat it right.And unless his computer screen is one your know he will not recall or really care all its for the money.I am very lucky to have great Drs.But I did get in trouble shopping for a lung Dr.I felt cared.Took me 4 drs. & they said you can’t keep going to different drs.Well I did I found a wise Dr. that got me going again as I am young & hated the machines!Also so hard on one nasals system I had no idea.So when I see a older person on oxygen I go talk & say how I emphasize with them.

Scott Stevens

Man USA is behide the times & saying raiseing the cost to more as it supercharged what a joke.It will save them billions so medical should be cheaper then.
Canada has this & have for the last 5 years in a big way in fact the pharmacy’s also can look up yopur blood test last refill any problems like heart & whatever.I got to my pharmacy they know everything about me so helps me out much more not into mixing drugs that kills thousand every year.But the bottom line is saves the country so much money lets all Drs. know what wrong with you & what drugs you on.My health care is also free as live in Alberta but that will charge fast as we have a evil new government NDP or commies as they want to own & run everything.Don’t great me started with this or our new federal gov the liberals that were in power for I believe 47 years which spent spent spent .The PC party that just got voted out saved 2 billion dollars paid back to Canada but when the elections were going on the other 2 had that spent 100 times over.Life got to love it.

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