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Why a guitar is a better multi-touch interface than the iPhone and how touchscreens can catch up

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The iPhone has been called a pinnacle of multi-touch interfaces. Chris Harrison, professor at Carnegie Mellon and CTO of Qeexo, doesn’t agree: He believes that a centuries-old tool like the guitar provides a far better touch interface than even the most advanced smartphone or tablet, because the guitar can capture captures a lot of rich dimensions of touch — like vibration, or how hard the guitarist is pressing — whereas touchscreens are primarily concerned with touch location.

The relative limitations of our current touchscreen interfaces are going to become even more important as smart home or smartwatch interfaces become more prevalent. The touchscreen simply wasn’t meant to be shrunk to a few centimeters across. “The smaller the interface gets, the dumber the interface has to get,” Harrison said at the Gigaom Structure Connect conference Tuesday. “Which is a huge problem for human-computer interaction.”

Harrison believes that the touchscreen can significantly improve through an approach he calls “rich touch.” It’s in the early stages, but it could be the key to matching desktop productivity on mobile devices.

“What disturbs me about touch is we actually do less sophisticated stuff on touchscreens than we do on our desktop computers,” Harrison said.

Rich touch, essentially, is teaching our computers to regard our hands as more than a pointer finger. There are a few different implementations of rich touch that can be put into effect today. For instance, your knuckle can be used to augment your pointer finger. Imagine lassoing a part of a photo, or tapping on the screen with your knuckle to bring up a contextual menu. If you’ve got a finger, you’ve got a knuckle, and in many ways it can work as a “left-click” for touchscreen interfaces.

Another way to approach rich touch interfaces is through not just the point where your finger touches the screen, but at the angle it’s touching, which turns the screen into a sort of window into a world. So poking perpendicularly to the screen means something different than grazing your fingertip across the screen. This could be a big deal for the smartwatch, and would potentially allow smartwatch interfaces to eschew physical dials for, say, scrolling. Another possibility is “drilling” your finger into the screen to turn the volume up or down. Using the front-facing camera on mobile devices, we can even incorporate hand grasp into interfaces. So if your hand looks like it’s holding an eraser, a swipe erases the screen.

“Touch is the central modality for our devices, not just smartphones, but screens in our cars, and the smart home too,” Harrison said. “When it comes to touch interfaces, we should make them richer, not just make the screens bigger.”

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Structure Connect Ticker

Photo by Jakub Mosur

2 Responses to “Why a guitar is a better multi-touch interface than the iPhone and how touchscreens can catch up”

  1. Too much of that and it becomes a pain for the user. They need to keep it at a minimum not push it out of control.
    Out of the 3 examples here i hope the first 2 are never implemented by anyone and the third should be to rotate things but a slider is the more comfortable and accurate gesture so the gesture is not out of the question but not for volume.
    3D touch is ok but only if it’s well made and not pushed too far. If it’s easier in 2D, keep it simple. People love to get carried away , about voice, about gestures but some moderation is often needed.
    Ofc for glasses and even other devices, hand gestures would be likely to take a central role but that’s a different topic.

  2. Well, um…duh. We’ve literally had 40 years to refine keyboard & mouse; touchscreens (at least, in mass deployment) have had 7. Of course they’re not as sophisticated, yet. They’re also (usually) paired with less powerful hardware, which intrinsically limits what you can expect out of mobile devices.

    He’s also ignoring that really mastering a guitar isn’t something you do quickly; you need to practice tons. Poor analogy for a mobile device, IMO.