A couple of days ago an email from Jayshree Ullal, chief executive officer of Arista Networkspopped up in my inbox. It was mostly to check on my health, but Jayshree also in passing mentioned that at some point she wanted to give me an update on Arista’s affairs. So we talked. And by the time I got done talking to Ullal, I was wondering to myself: Is Arista Networks the next Juniper Networks?
But more importantly, Arista is a shining example of the importance of long-term thinking and patience when it comes to building a big business. In these days of coupons and curation, Arista is a throwback to the Silicon Valley of old, when talented groups of engineers built products that you could see, touch and buy. It’s not based in hip San Francisco or trendy Palo Alto. Instead it is based in the decidedly unfashionable and boring old Santa Clara. The only virality in Arista’s business plan is happy customers telling other customers to buy their stuff. Their customer acquisition strategy doesn’t involve Tweets or Facebook, though as a company they are happy you use Twitter and Facebook and all sorts of cloud applications.
And the hits keep coming…
Arista is the brainchild of Andy Bechtolsheim, Kenneth Duda and David Cheriton. Think of Bechtolsheim as the Quincy Jones of Silicon Valley — he has produced more hits than anyone else. When at Stanford, he helped design a workstation with built-in networking. That led to him co-founding Sun Microsystems.
In 1995 he left Sun to start Granite Systems, a company that was developing high-speed switches, with Cheriton. A year later he sold it to Cisco for $220 million and became the head of Cisco’s gigabit switching business. In 2001 he started Kealia with Cheriton and in 2004 sold the company to Sun, returning to the server maker, who at the time was on the ropes. A year later, Arista was born. Along the way he cut a check for Larry Page and Sergey Brin, which resulted in a couple of zeroes being added to his bank balance. And there are more “angel” investments that have collectively sold for hundreds of millions of dollars.
But that monetary success is beside the point! The point is that when it comes to networks and network infrastructure, Andy is a guy who can peer into the future faster, better and further than anyone else. Cheriton and Duda are no slouches either.
Cheriton is a professor of computer science and electrical engineering at Stanford University and a world-renowned researcher in networking and distributed systems. And when he isn’t busy chalking up patents, Cheriton starts companies, such as Granite Systems, which since has become the underpinning of Cisco gigantic switching business. Duda is the CTO of Arista and vice president of software engineering. Bechtolsheim, Cheriton and Duda worked together at Granite and then at Cisco.
Ullal, who spent more than a decade at Cisco (including a stint as Cisco’s senior vice president of datacenter switching and services), knows the switching business like the back of her hand and is the perfect CEO for this team. She joined the company in 2008.
When it comes to switches, it doesn’t get better than this team.
Big networks, big data needs big switches
Arista has bet on a colossal trend — networked computing.
The idea is very simple — as we start to depend on cloud-based applications and services for our computing needs — you know, from trading stocks to business analytics to running cloud apps — we would need a way to move data that has no delays and at pretty rapid clip. And that is not all — these new higher-speed networks would need new kind of operating system software and networking management capabilities to adapt to the different kinds of the network traffic.
Of course, today it seems pretty obvious but Andy and his co-founders got this idea back in 2004. Thanks to their work at Sun, Cisco and other companies, to them it was pretty clear that there will be more servers, more devices and more networks in more places that would need to be networked. There would be need for a whole new class of switches to make networked computing possible.
The company was started in 2005 as Arastra and has been funded exclusively by Bechtolsheim and Cheriton. This has allowed the company to bypass the impatient Sandhill Road crowd and focus on building for the long term. It meant starting from the ground up, and that included writing an operating system (they call it Extensible Operating System) and using it as the heart of its strategy. Coupled with merchant silicon (chips that you can buy commercially), Arista built a hardware platform that adapts to the needs of the high-speed networks and the traffic. Arista’s approach allows it to boost its hardware capabilities but more importantly allows the flexibility needed when operating the networks.
Today, Arista makes 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10 GB-E) switches. These switches are used to shunt data around on networks at mind-numblingly fast speeds. No, you are not putting these devices in your office or in your homes. These are highly specialized switches that are in demand from financial trading firms, cloud service providers and large webscale companies that need to move data around their various facilities – whether in between cities or inside of data centers at blazing fast speed without any latency and delays.
Just like Juniper
There are many parallels between Arista and Juniper. Both of them are taking on Cisco Systems in its core businesses — routers and switches. Both of them picked a “niche” instead of taking on Cisco head-on. Both companies wrote their own network operating systems to address the changing nature of networks and do an end-run around Cisco’s aging platforms. Both companies bet on industry defining megatrends.
In 1996, Juniper was formed with the idea that the massive growth in the Internet traffic would need a router and a networking OS that was built for this fast-growing network. Instead of companies buying routers like they did from Cisco, the demand would come from a new category of router buyer — the Internet Service Provider. And boy they were right. Sure they have their problems today, but fast forward to now and you can see that Juniper is a $10.7 billion in market capitalization company with (estimated 2011) sales in excess of $4.55 billion. When it comes to routers, Cisco and Juniper are now peers.
Arista’s story is somewhat similar. A fast paced and high-energy remake at that. It is aiming at the high-end of Cisco’s core bread and butter business — switches — and succeeding. The only difference is that Juniper continues to make its own chips while Arista is focused more on using high-speed networking chips cooked up by the likes of Intel and Broadcom. And Arista can be bigger than the router maker — much much bigger — because it is addressing a much bigger and faster growing market.
More networks, more money
Arista has sold its products to a thousand customers in thousand days, says Ullal. The company has grown from 30 employees to 300 in two years. It started selling its switches to the financial community — a majority of the large Wall Street banks and institutions are customers — but since then have expanded to work with cloud service providers and web companies as well. No surprise. According to Infonetics Research, during the second quarter of 2011, the 10G switch business was the fastest growing category, up 19 percent quarter-over-quarter and 58 percent year-over-year.
No surprise, then Arista is on a run rate to clock $150 million in sales this year. And yes it is profitable — enough to not worry about getting another cash infusion from its co-founders. The company steadfastly refuses to talk about the amount invested by the co-founders. They have competition — Dell, Cisco and Brocade are all chasing opportunities in these high-speed switching market — but from the looks of it Arista’s software gives it an edge. For now.
Ullal, when asked about Arista’s IPO plans, pointed out that current state of its business and the “patient” backing of its co-founders means that the company isn’t in any rush. You don’t build a company of lasting value with an exit in mind, she said. Perhaps, that’s a lesson all of us in the startup community should heed to.