“Two to three co-founders seems to be a sweet spot,” Y Combinator partner Paul Bucheit said on a panel session at Google I/O Developer Conference in San Francisco. The other panelists — Excite Co-founder and Google Ventures partner Joe Kraus and SCVNGR founder Seth Priebatsch — all agreed venture capitalists prefer to invest in companies headed by more than one founder.
Recent research from the MIT Sloan School of Management supports this idea. The study, led by the MIT Entrepreneurship Center’s Dr. Edward Roberts, indicated that each additional co-founder up to four increases a company’s odds of success. Research of companies with five or more cofounders was inconclusive because there weren’t enough of those companies to reliably include them in the study’s findings.
The panelists pointed to three main reasons companies with several co-founders seem to be a better bet than single-founder companies:
- Several-founder companies are more resilient once the company hits the inevitable rough patch.
“It’s easier if you’re not all alone when things are awful,” Bucheit said. A single founder may be more likely to throw in the towel when times get hard.
- Companies with several co-founders are likely to be more than just a pipe dream.
“The validation of an idea is when you can convince someone else to drop what they’re doing and join you,” said panel moderator, startup veteran and Google developer advocate Don Dodge, who has invested in startups in the past. “If you can’t do that, you should really think hard about what you’re doing.
- Co-founders could already have a tried-and true relationship.
Companies headed by people who have worked together before receive extra bonus points from investors. “Have you gone to battle together before?” Kraus asked. “And do you like each other at the end of it?” VCs are even more keen to invest with several entrepreneurs who have proven that they can work successfully together in good times and bad.