AirPlay Gets Unlocked — and Apple Should Leave It That Way


UPDATED. AirPlay’s (s aapl) wireless music streaming just became much more useful, thanks to developer James Laird. Laird reverse-engineered the private key Apple uses with its AirPort Express wireless router in order to let that device stream iTunes music to connected speakers, and used it to create an open-source emulator which accomplishes the same feat, called Shairport.

Until Laird’s release, the private key for iTunes music streaming was unknown to all but Apple and its official third-party partners, so only a select group of devices could stream music. AirPlay video, on the other hand, can be streamed to unofficial software for the Mac, and to third-party apps available in the App Store. Other software could stream to AirPlay-enabled devices, but not from them.

Shairport means that software solutions that can stream music from iTunes or iOS devices will be fairly easy to create, and should likely be made available for Macs, PCs, and possibly consoles and other mobile devices. Apple recently introduced Home Sharing to iOS devices, which allows you to do pretty much what Shairport allows, but only between iTunes and an iDevice capable of running the latest software. The company seems to acknowledge that its users are eager to unlock the potential of its streaming service, but is unwilling to deliver a truly open solution that would make sharing media with any device quick and painless.

Apple doesn’t want AirPlay to be open because in limiting its availability, it encourages sales of its own devices (many people I know have their homes set up for wireless sound throughout using multiple Apple TVs and AirPort Expresses), and because if it loses control over licensing, it also loses the ability to properly vet hardware partners and their products. Sub-standard experiences with AirPlay will affect Apple’s reputation, even if third-party hardware or software is actually to blame. Apple may also encounter resistance from record labels regarding the acceptable licensed use of music sold through the iTunes store when it comes to AirPlay music streaming.

But Apple would be better off leaving this gate alone, now that it’s been opened. In fact, it should go one further and make AirPlay itself freely available to all. AirPlay is a unique advantage for iOS devices, but like MobileMe, it’s one that only a small percentage of iDevice users can currently take full advantage of, so it probably doesn’t factor that strongly in a potential customer’s buying decision. If, however, a user knew that AirPlay would probably work with their TV, stereo, and any and all home computers, it might become much more important to them. Quality control will of course be an issue, but if AirPlay becomes omnipresent on third-party consumer devices, the quality of the experience using it on specific hardware will gradually become attributable to the device maker, and not to Apple.

At the very least, Apple should take a hands-off approach to dealing with this latest attempt to open up software it intends to be closed. iOS and iTunes users want AirPlay to be more useful in more places, and Shairport makes that a reality, without any major work or renegotiation of licensing terms on Apple’s part.

The original version of this article incorrectly identified the software as Shareport.



AirTunes was unlocked, not AirPlay. They are different.

AirPlay for video was never “locked” so it didn’t need to be “unlocked”. AirTunes was also not entirely locked, as Airfoil could stream using its own server.

What was locked was the AirPort Express key that allowed a client to be seen as a valid AirTunes client within iTunes.

Joe Howard

Does this have any effect on the ability to use any other type of usb device? Opposed to just a usb printer. I’m not specifically talking about anything. I assume some of you savvy technophiles could think up something excellent. Just curious, since were talking about the Airport Express.

Cold Water

While I doubt this will get AirPlay into my receiver without upgrading from the VSX-1020 to the 1021, I’d love to see the feature wiggle into other media players.

That, or I’d settle for an Apple TV that works as a wireless bridge for my A/V components. Don’t even try to sell me the idea it’s not the “Apple way” because I do essentially the same thing, minus video, with an AirPort Express and a switch.


I doubt that Mac wants this to continue, they’re not famous for letting the users to modify any product of theirs. And specially talking about music that it’s, by now, the most important mac concern.

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