It can be tough to be a remote employee in a company, especially if most of the team is located elsewhere. I’ve worked remotely both part-time and full-time over the past decade and learned that the way a company treats it virtual team members can make it a great experience or a miserable one.
Having virtual team members can be a huge asset because you can take advantage of talent regardless of physical location, and you increase the diversity of ideas by having team members who aren’t all living in the same city and having similar experiences. The tricky part is making sure that your remote employees feel like they are an integral part of team and not a second-class citizens. Here are a few ways to make sure that your virtual team members feel loved, instead of neglected:
- Real-time collaboration. Make sure that you have plenty of opportunities for real-time online collaboration for your entire team that allow for virtual members to participate as equals. This replaces the water cooler, hallway discussions and any other quick conversations that you might have by dropping by someone’s desk. The easiest way to do this is to make sure that your whole team is using some kind instant messaging service where they can easily ask questions, share links, work together on projects or just catch up and chat. An even better way to do this is to set up a group chat room or team IRC channel where members can all work together and talk to each other at the same time. By having everyone together in one channel, you don’t need to know who to ask when you have a question, and everyone can keep up with many team conversations whether they are an active participant or just reading the conversation. There are plenty of public tools and public IRC channels that you can use if your team consists of a mix of employees and people outside of the company, but you can also set up instant messaging servers, including group chats based on Jabber / XMPP or internal IRC servers, that live completely inside of the corporate firewall so you can have private company conversations.
- Asynchronous collaboration. Real-time collaboration is great, but not everyone is online 24 hours a day. Email is the classic example of asynchronous communication, and it’s a good way to make sure that everyone on the team receives critical information or updates at the same time. You should also keep in mind that some tasks aren’t going to be as easy to accomplish in email or a text chat. Documentation collaboration, for example, is one of those activities that works better when people can create, edit and update the same version independently regardless of time zone or physical location. You’ll want to make sure that your team has a good document collaboration solution, like a wiki, Google Docs (s goog) or other tools. This obviously lets your team work together on documentation, but it also gives you a place where you can keep materials that the whole team needs to be able to find. You can store organization charts, contact lists, meeting minutes and materials, presentations and much more. By having everything in a single place where the whole team can find it makes it easier for your virtual team members to easily have access to the same information as your in-person employees.
- Hallway conversations. If you even occasionally work in an office, hallway conversations are just a fact of life. When we see other human beings, we are often reminded of that question we forgot to ask them or in casual conversation some piece of important information creeps up. After you have these informal discussions, think about whether any of the information would be useful for your virtual employees. If so, drop them a quick note to let them know what you talked about and point them to other people that they might want to contact for more information. Just because you have hallway conversations doesn’t mean that your virtual team members can’t also benefit.
- Meetings. Structure your meetings to allow your remote employees to participate as equals. For meetings where some participants are in a conference room, make sure that you send out the agenda and any materials in advance along with a plan for how virtual team members should attend and still be able to hear the discussion. Usually, this means that you need a bridge number where multiple people can call into the line, along with a great speakerphone for the room. During the meetings, remember that the people on the phone can’t see into the room, so you should avoid drawing on the whiteboard or using flip charts, and don’t forget to ask if they have any questions or comments, since you won’t be able to see puzzled looks or body language indicating that they want to add something to the discussion. If the remote employees consistently have a hard time hearing the people in the room, you should consider having everyone call into the meeting from their desk phones. While you lose some face-to-face time for people in the office, you allow everyone to participate equally in the meeting.
- Meet in person. Don’t forget to get together in person at the same location at least occasionally. Take advantage of conferences or large meetings as an excuse to get the whole team together. Having everyone in the same location can help team members get to know each other better and improve their working relationships when working together later online.
How do you make sure that your virtual team members don’t feel neglected?
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