INTERVIEW GTD Author David Allen: Part 1, Health and Stress


For most web workers stress is an inescapable fact of life – and sometimes death. The links between stress and serious, you-are-so-screwed illness are real and the news is anything but good:

Many people report experiencing physical symptoms (77 percent) and psychological symptoms (73 percent) related to stress in the last month. Physical symptoms of stress include: fatigue (51 percent); headache (44 percent); upset stomach (34 percent); muscle tension (30 percent); change in appetite (23 percent), teeth grinding (17 percent); change in sex drive (15 percent); and feeling dizzy (13 percent). Psychological symptoms of stress include: experiencing irritability or anger (50 percent); feeling nervous (45 percent); lack of energy (45 percent); and feeling as though you could cry (35 percent). In addition, almost half (48 percent) of Americans report lying awake at night due to stress.” – APA study.

For me, the single biggest stress reduction tool I’ve found this decade has been David Allen’s Getting Things Done: A Guide to Stress Free Productivity book and what’s become something of a movement among web workers: Getting Things Done (GTD).Earlier this month, I interviewed David Allen with an eye towards finding out how he stays healthy. Excerpts from that conversation:

Bob Walsh: I wanted to focus on three things that go together: stress, online work and GTD. Part of the motivation of this article is both Om Malik’s heart attack that he survived, and Mark Orchant’s heart attack he did not. You run a sizable business and you travel constantly…and run an online/offline do you stay healthy?

David Allen: I don’t have some facile answers for that, but I won’t be glib. I’d say enough coffee, enough alcohol, enough humor and you can handle anything. But, that’s actually not true. To a large degree, sometimes I forget because it’s just so much a part of my lifestyle that I practice what I preach. I have managed to eliminate or certainly get to manageable levels, the source of most stress for most knowledge workers, which is basically getting everything out of my head and managing externalized systems so that my extended brain is kept pretty intact and current. That frees up a lot of focus. I think that to a large degree, it’s not the prime thing, but it keeps me all right.

Frankly, I don’t like feeling tense, so a lot of how GTD got created was because I didn’t like the pressure that kind of stuff created, so I spent a long time fine tuning how you get rid of that. It’s actually easier if you’re dealing with physical stress. If you’re out chopping wood, it’s easier to deal with that than it is having the same things over and over and over about your Mom, or about the strategic plan, or about your bills to pay. They don’t physically beat you bloody, but it’s that psychological drain that I think reduces your ability to deal with a lot of other things.

Bob: Do you exercise? I know you were into karate many years ago.

David: Not as regularly as I can. I do a little bit of yoga, and try to work out a swim at the gym when I can. Sometimes that goes by the wayside when I’m wall to wall doing other things, like writing my manuscript for my book right now. A lot of things have been sacrificed when I have to get down to it that way. I have a pretty active lifestyle: I walk dogs, get on planes, all that work. You know, one of my biggest “A ha’s!” that was a big surprise to me, was nutrition. I didn’t think it was that big a deal. I lived a disposal life, just “open mouth insert food.” In the travel I was doing in my life, I thought if I exercised enough that would handle it.

I was quite surprised at how I almost serendipitously discovered a naturopath, a nutritionist I knew back east that my wife and I saw right before I published “Getting Things Done”. Long story short, that was end of 2000, like seven or eight years ago I discovered a nutritional program that made a lot of difference. Since then, I’ve reduced to almost zero cold and flu. It allows me a lot more stable energy, I think, than the highs, ups and lows and downs that I’ve been expecting before.

Bob: Who is this person?

David: A guy named D’Adamo, James D’Adamo. He’s in his late seventies, I think. He and his son [Peter], they did the “Eat Right for Your Type” books. His big discovery over the last 20-30 years was how much your blood type affects your metabolism and your ability to process various different types of foods.

Anyway, I don’t know how much of that, you can get into that detail, but that was a big “A ha!” The typical alternative medicine nutritional admonition is, if you’ve cut out sugar, wheat and dairy, you’re probably going to feel better. I haven’t eliminated those; certainly reducing them has made a huge difference in terms of my energy. I think probably a big key is not so much doing things to relax, it’s just doing things that on an ongoing basis allow your constitution and your system to be stronger and not drained, so that you can attack all the stresses that come out of you with a better constitution. That’s probably the key.

Bob: I have yet to meet anyone who spends most of their time on the web working, that isn’t stressed. Is there something about being a web worker that’s more stressful than being your office/knowledge worker?

David: I don’t think so, Bob. I don’t know because I’m not a web worker, so it’d be hard for me to speak from experience. I guess there are factors, I’d just be guessing like you would probably guess, I’m not speaking with any kind of authority on that. It’s kind of like writers can often seem highly stressed because, jeez, how good could it be? It can always be more, it has to be good and everybody’s going to be looking at it. It’s a highly visible thing, and obviously you’re putting your signature on it, everybody’s going to know you based upon that.

Then you’ve also got deadlines. I don’t think it’s really any different than any kind of an author or artist that works under deadline, because there’s usually a high perfectionism working inside of all that.

Bob: In a word, web worker tends to combine dealing with lots and lots of people online, and actually fewer people face to face. Does that have an effect, do you think?

David: It might.I think a lot of that depends on peoples’ personality styles. If you’re an introvert, you’re happier not meeting people people face to face. If you’re an extrovert you’ll go crazy if you can’t somehow engage with people in some way if you’re juiced that way. One of the problems that’s endemic with the younger generation people who have grown up with computers and with email they make the assumption that email is a fine medium for communicating anything and everything.

But one of the things we’ve learned is that if you try to communicate something that requires a broader bandwidth of communication, in other words I actually really need to see what you look like when I say something and how you respond to it. Otherwise you might very easily misunderstand what was going on.

For people that are trying to do strategic or sensitive or complex things through email and it’s the wrong pipe to be using, that’s very easy to blow a fuse. In terms of the stress, the misunderstandings, the conflict, the sort of lack of fulfillment or lack of getting a result that may occur because of it. But that may be more of a sidebar to what you’re talking about. That is, that’s a factor with anybody who assumes that email is the communication media of choice.GTD is certainly not the end all answer for good health. But if one allows the kind of stress that GTD alleviates to linger, it certainly would diminish your ability to, as I said, you won’t have as strong a constitution to be able to then engage with the world in a healthy way. So I would say it is certainly a critical factor.

Related Resources:

Ed note: Part 2 (of 3) of Bob’s conversation with David, focusing on GTD and the web worker, can be read here. Part 3 is here.



stress is the ghost which makes a man physically and mentally it should be avoided.
yoga and meditation helps a lot in reducing any type of’s very useful for the people to reduce their stress in unfavorable conditions.
meditation is also one of the best way to get rid of it.Normally business people undergo more stress when compared with a normal it’s better to drive away the stress.
Stress is in many ways a normal manifestation of human behavior. Some level of stress is necessary and is in many ways essential to carry out everyday tasks. It is only when stress levels become unmanageable that we should think in terms of getting professional help to manage the stress.
At some point of time, all of us face stress. It is important to relax when we are facing stress. Relaxation techniques help us to cope with stress and provide us with peace of mind.


I agree with Bob Walsh that web workers are overly stressed out. Here are a few things that I think contribute: having a poor spec or a too-large spec with not enough time to correctly finish it; constantly changing priorities that the worker has no power over; lots of responsibility but no power; the ability to change something instantly, so everyone expects everything to be changed instantly all the time; long hours; too long in front of the screen. I could go on and on.

I hope someone is studying this and that some real, usable, applicable solutions are created.

Nice article. Always good to get more of a glimpse into what makes Allen tick.


Please. One of the problems that’s endemic with the older generation is that they make the assumption that email is only appropriate for communicating a small narrowly defined subset of human communication.


I was disappointed to read that David Allen subscribes to and even praises an scientifically untested method of eating. He should be one of the few people–top of the list in fact–doing his due diligence on this kind of stuff. Come on, Dave! You know better than this. I’m happy that this works for you, but it could work for a variety of reasons.


Isn’t this guy on his 4th wife or something like that? I don’t know if I’d take his advice.

Jeff Korentayer

These are the most extensive comments I’ve heard from David Allen on his approach to his own health. I’m very interested in hearing that he’s stumbled on the blood type diet by D’Adamo, as that is one of the foundations we use with patients in our clinic (Medical Heilkunst and Homeopathy). You could say that it forms part of the “pre-qualification” stage for health, which sets the stage for patients to attain the “bronze”, “silver”, and “gold” levels of health that we take them through when they need and when they’re ready.

Jenny Hyatt is the online emotional health specialist where people can relieve stress through the expression of everyday worries, deeper concerns and hidden secrets openly, honestly and anonymously. The anonymity is critical as suffering stress can be read as a weakness and is often hidden from family, friends and colleagues for fear of judgement – thereby, internalising feelings that result in more stress. An unhealthy and damaging cycle.

Our users report significant stress reduction as a result of being able to express themselves and talk with others who are in a similar situation.

Tony Wright

Fabulous interview!

I’m a firm believer that being in a constant unfocused state is darn stressful– GTD has been a big help for me, but I think the information overload problem is a huge one.

I recently did a bit of digging in our data (we offer a time management/productivity tool, so we have a huge dataset) and found that the *average* number of times a person alt-tabs to a IM chat window is 70 times PER WEEKDAY. The average number of daily unique websites that a person visits is around 40 and the average number of daily unique apps they use is 20. This is in 1 day and our audience is heavily skewed towards web workers / lifehackers.

If a person behaves in the “average” way I describe above, how the heck could they stay focused?

Pete Johnson

Great interview, Bob!, I can’t wait to read the rest of it!

I read GTD 9 months ago and it’s made a huge difference in my work life. David’s system has helped me organize information an order of magnitude better than I was doing on my own before.

As I wrote when I reviewed GTD on my blog, I end up spending a lot less time figuring out what to do next and a lot more time actually doing it. That definitely reduces my stress level since I have a better handle on all the things I’m responsible for.

Pete Johnson Chief Architect
Personal blog:

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