The clock is ticking as the UN Climate Change Conference in Bali enters its final hours. With the meeting due to wrap up tomorrow at noon (GMT +8), little progress has been made in outlining a follow-up strategy to the UN protocol.
Let’s be clear: The point of the convention has not been to get countries to commit to any emissions reductions, but to plan the framework for future discussions that may or may not yield carbon reduction agreements. It’s several steps removed from any actual hard-and-fast commitments to emission reductions. But it looks like the conference will go down in history as starting with the U.S. alone in not ratifying the Kyoto Protocol and ending with the U.S. scuttling talks, as Al Gore blatantly noted. “My own country, the United States is principally responsible for obstructing progress here in Bali. We all know that,” he was quoted as saying to an applauding audience.
The biggest sticking point for the U.S. is a non-binding statement saying developed nations need to cut emissions between 25 percent and 40 percent by 2020; it refuses to sign anything that does not include emission cuts from the developing world, specifically China and India.
And it has successfully formed a coalition of the unwilling: Japan, Canada, New Zealand and Russia have all joined with the U.S. to help block certain language from being drafted into the convention’s final statement. On the opposing side are members of the EU, who believe the developed world needs to lead the way in cutting emissions.
A perpetually-pessimistic Yvo de Boer, the meeting’s executive secretary, articulates his frustrations with the U.S. in a video uploaded to the conference’s YouTube channel today. Although De Boer says he is “a lot more optimistic,” he is notably tired and dejected.
Delegates are working tirelessly to get the language exactly right, but there is almost no way the U.S. will sign anything that doesn’t require equal emission reductions for developed and developing countries. We’ll see if the convention follows Gore’s advice and moves ahead without the land of the free and the home of the brave.