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Summary:

Microsoft and other complainants in the Google EU antitrust case have commissioned an eye-tracking study to demonstrate the alleged ineffectiveness of Google’s proposed concessions. All this proves is that it’s time to move on.

Duration mit Clicks map

Google’s EU antitrust adventure is getting a bit repetitive – the company proposed concessions and was told to try harder, then Google tried again and again. And now the companies whose complaints kicked this whole thing off, Microsoft being the ringleader, have said they’re still not happy with what Google is proposing.

This time round, the Initiative for a Competitive Online Marketplace (ICOMP) – one of Microsoft’s astroturfing operations – has commissioned an eye-tracking study to demonstrate how Google’s latest suite of settlement proposals “actually makes the abuse worse.”

Watching where users look

The study was conducted by the media research department at the German Sports University in Cologne. According to ICOMP, it shows that, quote:

  • Google’s ‘Sponsored’ results consistently attract the largest amount of the users’ total visual attention
  • ‘Alternative search sites’ do not draw enough visual attention to prompt the users to click on them
  • Visual attention for organic links is negligible compared to the ‘image enhanced’ Google elements placed above them

All this relates to one of the four accusations against Google that the European Commission is investigating: that Google promotes its own services through search results in a way that’s not transparent, leaving users to believe that Google’s search results are neutral. The Commission was particularly concerned that alternative, industry-specific search services were seeing their own results downgraded in Google’s results, sometimes being pushed off the first page.

Now, this is a serious matter – Google has a much greater share of the European search market than it does of the U.S. market, so in my opinion the antitrust authorities are right to be pushing for change. However, at some point a compromise must be made.

Conditioning

Here are two examples of what the German sports university found when showing test subjects the type of search results that Google is proposing:

“Results for the search term ‘iPod’ reveal that thumbnail product pictures guide the visual attention of users to ‘Google Shopping Results’ with 56% of participants clicking into this area. While the ‘alternative search sites’ caught less visual attention and only clicked once, indicating little interest from users.

“During a search for ‘Map London’, the Google Maps area and Google Images thumbnails receive more, earlier, and longer visual attention than all other page elements, including competing mapping providers, with 46% of participants clicking on the Google map and a further 36% clicking ‘Google Images’, which is itself another Google service. Comparatively, the 1st organic link on the results page, ‘mylondonmap.com’ (a Google Maps clone), received only two clicks and the official ‘Transport for London’ link positioned below, received no clicks.”

Google iPod heatmap
Two points need to be made here. Firstly, never trust a study commissioned by an interested party. While I’m sure the German Sports University maintains the highest standards, you would hardly expect such a study to come out in Google’s favor.

Secondly, in a region where Google has 90 percent market share, most people have been conditioned to use the company’s services in a certain way. Google’s search results pages have always promoted Google services in the past, so users will automatically gravitate towards those results. The only way to avoid that would be to completely redesign Google’s results pages to the point where they are unrecognizable. It’s as though Microsoft and friends want Google to pretend it doesn’t have a connected suite of services.

In the iPod example pictured above, vertical search engines’ results are way up there. Yes, they’re below Google’s own results, but those are clearly marked, both with the words “Google Shopping” and with a “sponsored” tag.

This has dragged on long enough. I’m not saying Google’s latest concessions are perfect in all respects, but they’re certainly a big improvement in terms of visual placement, and commissioned eye-tracking studies such as this one just come across as petulant. Let’s all move on soon, shall we?

  1. I disagree about the study being uninteresting. I think it is very interesting, but it may not matter. If the Commission wants to treat Google’s services as a monopoly, it should split them up. Otherwise, it should live with the consequences — but the study does a good job of highlighting what those are: even concessions to freely advertise alternatives have little impact in the real world. (ps I can never tell when the comments here have been submitted because the comment box does not clear after logging in with wordpress.)

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  2. I agree with “users gravitate to those results”. Maybe they are so satisfied with those services that google trained eye movements of users to look those areas, due to repetitive seeking for google services.

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  3. Eye tracking is only a part of the equation.
    A click map would be more worthwhile of our attention.

    People naturally read from top to bottom and anything above the organic will get looked at.

    Click reports show a 40% / 60% for paid / organic.

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  4. Is it not what (now poor) Microsoft used to do, forcing all to use Internet Explorer by blocking other browsers like Chrome or Mozilla from being installed on their OS.

    Google is promoting their own free services, not blocking others and I believe it’s fair!

    Do you think Microsoft would be any better if they were on google’s place now? ha!!!

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  5. Microsoft dealt with antitrust issues for over decade. Google has had to deal with them for a couple of years and suddenly the internet neckbeards cry about “it’s time to move on!”.

    The author is clearly biased.

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  6. What if you’re BLIND?, how does then work? LOL!…and I often let my mind wander so my eyes follow suit…
    and besides when searching for Porn, it made the search algorithms very cyclic…

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