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Summary:

The long-awaited Digital Public Library of America launched this week — but its collection does not include the digital repositories of many major university libraries. Meanwhile, a much bigger library collection scanned by Google is tied up in court.

DPLA screenshot

The Digital Public Library of America opened shop this week, offering access to a rich repository of books, photos and more. The collection, drawn from libraries and archives across the country, also contains rare historical footage like Kentucky women marching for the vote and news clips of civil rights Freedom Riders.

The DPLA also offers a dynamic map, a timeline of exhibitions and app-building tools to build up the cultural collection even further.

Is there anything the DPLA doesn’t have? Well, we could start with the 20 million or so digital books that Google has scanned at hundreds of libraries in the last decade. This collection — which is much larger than the 2.4 million records at the DPLA — has gone unmentioned in the course Tom Sawyer screen shotof the new library’s launch this week. Instead, Google’s trove is gathering digital dust as a ceaseless copyright case between the company and the Authors Guild grinds on.

This is a shame. While the DPLA is a beautiful and important endeavor, it also feels woefully incomplete. Its library collection does’t include major institutions like Stanford and Michigan (alma mater of Google CEO Larry Page) which have enormous digital resources – this can hardly be described as “of America.” More seriously, the holes in the DPLA’s catalog show how a once-unified effort to digitize the country’s knowledge has become a patchwork affair.

As I described in Battle for the Books, Harvard librarian Robert Darnton not only pulled the university out of its one-time partnership with Google, but also led an intellectual campaign to stop the company’s scanning plans. Darnton’s actions not only drove legal opposition to a proposed settlement, but also produced lasting resentment within the librarian community — some of whom regard Darnton as a spoilsport and a demagogue.

The result is that the U.S. now has multiple, unconnected repositories that represent a digital fracturing of its culture heritage. It’s worth noting that DPLA also comes in addition to the Internet Archive, a long-time pioneer in digital scanning (I found the image at right by searching the DPLA; the results led me to a Connecticut library and then the Internet Archive).

This is in part due to copyright issues. While Google has made a strong case that its scanning activities are fair use, authors fear they will lose control over their works — and many people oppose granting Google or any other private company a role in the country’s library systems.

For now, the DPLA, which is funded by governments and foundations, is not in discussion with Google Books. It has, however, been talking to the Hathi Trust, a network of university libraries that have connected their digital collections (they obtained the collection as part of the agreement under which Google scanned their books).

“We’re just getting started and are in talks with many large content hubs; yes, we have spoken to HathiTrust and can imagine a very complimentary collaboration with them.” wrote Executive Director Dan Cohen.

Google did not return a request for comment.

Correction: An earlier version of this story said that the DPLA partnered with libraries in only six states. According to the official DPLA release, the organization “has partnered with six state and regional digital libraries and an equal number of large cultural heritage institutions— including the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), the Smithsonian Institution, the New York Public Library, and Harvard University.”

  1. The DPLA has materials from all states, not just six. We have partnerships with six state and regional digital libraries, in addition to large content hubs like the Smithsonian, which of course contain materials from across the country. It is truly “American.” You can browse by location at http://dp.la/map.

    Dan Cohen
    Executive Director, DPLA

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    1. Thanks for your comment, Dan. I read the original release to mean libraries in six states plus additional hubs; l’ve clarified above.

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  2. Google sure has mangled their first starter advantage with their arrogance. The old works were priced knowing that the physical laws would limit much sharing. So the sales would be a good approximation of the demand.

    Digital content breaks that assumption and Google did nothing to help the authors. They decided that the authors were sheep who were there for the shearing just like the rest of the web. They forgot that the authors can’t sell t-shirts or concert tickets or other things.

    Fie on google. I hope Amazon does a better job.

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  3. Jeff, do you work without pay? Should journalists and lawyers like you work without pay? Copyright laws are in place to help authors and publishers recover at least some of their costs, and I am not even talking about any profit, just simple recovery of costs. And If some books are profitable they help pay for all the great many ones that are not. By all means, lobby Congress to shorten the copyright period that’s been lengthened because of lobbying by the likes of the Disney Co, but don’t throw the baby out with the bathwater.

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    1. Thanks for your comment, Sheila. In the case of books, I think Congress needs to address not only term limits but the orphan works issue too — there have been some very sensible proposals to provide access to old books while also respecting author rights, but unfortunately, the legislative process has so far faltered.

      Rest assured, however, I am very much in favor of copyright; I am keen to reform it but certainly not end it.

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  4. Am I the only one concerned that “The Digital Library OF AMERICA” is hosting its Domain in the country of Laos?

    Oy

    Jeff Yablon
    Answer Guy Central
    http://answerguy.com

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  5. scott crosby Sunday, April 21, 2013

    Multiple book scanning efforts seems silly. Love ‘em all, but the best thing for readers would be to have a single access point for all these books. Join forces and get Luddites like Darnton out of the damn way.

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  6. Benjamin Philip Monday, April 22, 2013

    “…some of whom regard Darnton as a spoilsport and a demagogue.” While others see him as a hero for not giving assets that the university pays to maintain away without just compensation for authors, library workers, and staff.

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