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Summary:

The iPhone 5’s new camera lens isn’t a gigantic improvement. But where Apple does make more significant advances is the software. My tests shots show the iPhone 5 has faster photo capture, better low-light performance, and improved noise reduction.

iPhone 5 camera

The other day I was rummaging around in my junk drawer and found my old point-and-shoot camera. I had forgotten I even owned one. The iPhone took over that job long ago. A few months ago I wrote about how I use the iPad and iPhone for my photography, and this post is an update on how I’ll be using the iPhone 5.

Initial camera impressions

At first, I was a tad disappointed with the camera in the iPhone 5.  Each iPhone’s camera has been significantly better than its predecessor’s. My general experience has been that for most day-to-day uses where the image has some decent lighting, you’re not going to notice a gigantic difference between the iPhone 4s and iPhone 5 cameras. I think that’s because the iPhone 4s camera was so good, that’s it’s like the Spinal Tap version of cameras: How much better can it be? None more better.

Instead of the camera lens, where Apple can make more significant improvements is in the software. According to Apple, the iPhone 5 has faster photo capture, better low-light performance, and improved noise reduction. My initial test backs those claims up. I noticed a huge difference in low light captures between the iPhone 4s and the iPhone 5. Below are two images of the junk pile on my desk:

iPhone 4s

iPhone 5

There are a few obvious points here. The first is that I really need to tidy up my desk. The second is the the iPhone 5 photo really is a lot better than the iPhone 4s. I’ve tried to line the two shots up as close I could (and for the pixel peepers, the controls for my headset have moved between shots).

With the iPhone 4s camera you can vaguely see an iPhone 5 box and my EarPod case. With the iPhone 5, the overall image quality is lot better. There are only two light sources with this capture: a Luxo-style lamp behind the iPhone 5 case, and a 27-inch monitor slightly off-camera. The iPhone 4s picture also has a lot of noise, which gives it some unwanted grain. The iPhone 5 camera, again, is much sharper. For giggles, I also took a panorama with the iPhone 5 in the same conditions.

The screen

Aside from the size, the iPhone 5 screen covers the full spectrum of sRGB. Apple has also eliminated one of the layers in the screen composition, moving the pixels closer to the edge. While overall the screen has better blacks and more saturation, it’s a subtle, subjective difference.

As a photographer, the overall screen quality between the two phones isn’t a big selling point. That’s because for the most part, I rarely show someone a photo on my iPhone. Usually, I’m posting it on Flickr, or sending it directly to someone. Where it will, however, come in handy is how it affects my overall workflow.

My iPhone 5 workflow

I tend to shoot a lot of low-light images — bands, for the most part — and the iPhone 5 will come in handy for that. While I doubt an iPhone camera will ever replace my DSLR as my main photo for these shoots, the iPhone 5 camera will increase the images I capture and immediately post to Facebook.

The screen, though, I think will have the biggest impact to how I handle shots taken on my iPhone. Since iPhoto for iOS takes advantage of the larger screen, I won’t feel as cramped when I edit the image. iPhoto is great for taking a photo, performing some minor edits like cropping and white balance adjustment, and then posting directly to Facebook.

One personal challenge I’m taking on this year is to enter a photo taken and edited solely on my iPhone 5 in one of the competitions my camera club runs. I continue to be amazed at what the iPhone 5 and iPhoto can do, and want to shake myself free of the mentality that I need to use my DSLR to create a competition-ready image. I’d be surprised if the technology hasn’t gotten to the point where an image taken and edited on an iPhone won’t at least score well. I’m a firm believer that the real magic of photography happens with the person taking the photo; not the camera he or she uses.

Final Frame

The iPhone 5, and the Camera app, is the best iPhone camera yet. But, that’s what we expect these days, isn’t it? While you may not notice a difference in the majority of your shots, if you deal with less-than-ideal lighting and don’t want to use a flash (an example that comes to mind is shooting someone blowing out the candles on a cake) the iPhone 5 camera will blow you away.

That said, previous iPhone cameras I’ve felt were worth the upgrade alone, but this camera upgrade feels more situational and subjective. I expect this is likely to be the case going forward. There’s only so many dramatic improvements you can make in a camera designed to fit into a slim body.  The biggest software improvement I want is an app — either from Apple or someone else — that shoots true RAW images. This would allow for better post-processing edits in software like Lightroom and Aperture. Unfortunately, the closest app I’ve seen, 645 PRO, still doesn’t take full RAW images.

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  1. As a photographer myself and with my contract up on 10/1, I’ve been researching my next phone that doubles as my anywhere/everyday snapshooter. I got to say though, I was intrigued by the better camera in the iPhone 5, but there’s been lots of word about purple flares showing up in shots.

    Sure enough, in the “junk pile” shot, there’s tons of it in the upper left. Little surprised you didn’t call it out. I mean, I love me some Holga-style lens flare & light leaks, but I’m betting a few people may not be too happy about it, eh?

    1. Aaron
      Yes flare can be an issue (with any camera)
      I just hold one hand up to shield the lens from strong light sources coming from the side
      I think what is needed is an removable lens shade :-)
      Until then the hand works ok
      Also another point is that I am suspicious sometimes of the effects of some of the cases I see people using for there phones
      It is for this reason that I run mine naked :-)

  2. are you a photographer? O’Rly?

    didn’t you notice the purple flare up to the left? Jez The new camera lens are flowed.

    Also, you still believe that can’t be better cameras that the one on iphone4? Maybe apple can’t do it – they actually screw it on 5 – but you haven’t look far outside the apple store, have you?

    Good!
    Keep as updated if anything change in the world of photography, would you?

    1. That is a lens flare which occurred when there is a light source capture by this large lens which is F2.4.

      Kind of funny the obsession in trying to find faults with Apple products.

      Better luck next time guys.

  3. Interesting how unless I missed it, there’s no mention of the “purple haze” lighting issue on the iPhone 5 that people are now starting to report. It’s clearly visible in the dark sample image you have – look in the upper-left corner (purple). It’s turning up in quite a few iPhone 5 pics people are uploading where there’s a bright light source to the side or near a corner, and it stands to be a huge issue from the looks of it. For that alone, I’d give the iPhone 5 camera a “D” grade. You may also wish to inspect your outdoor shots, as the noise reduction feature also seems to be smoothing out details in things like grass and hair, even in good light; the camera doesn’t shut it “off” in good light in other words.

    1. We have 2 iPhone 5s and do not have this problem. I even tried to make it happen with the lighting conditions and use that others say might cause this to happen and I do not get it at all on either phone.

  4. Compare iPhone 5 vs. Lumia 920 photo with dark exposure and iPhone 5 is loser.

  5. Joseph DeRuvo Jr. Saturday, September 29, 2012

    http://www.deruvophotography.com/personalwork
    Everything for the past two years have been shot with either an iPhone 4 or 4s
    We make 20″sq prints no problem :-)
    Joseph

    1. Saw your site. Really impressed that you did all this on an iPhone 4/4S (does this include the Dance Studio pics?) Wow!
      What app do you use to get the black & white shots?
      Victor

      1. Victor
        Everything on the “Personal” page, last two years is iPhone. Not sure what Dance Studio stuff you came across in there :-)
        The smaller kids at the top of this gallery was done with the iPhone
        http://www.deruvophotography.com/storybooknutcrackerrehearsal
        As well as
        http://www.deruvophotography.com/mejoattheedgenorwalk
        and
        http://www.deruvophotography.com/theedgenorwalkconstuction
        All of these also Edited on the iPhone, we use FilterStorm for most of Tweaking
        It’s a phenomenal app that even allows you to record actions for later use!
        I shoot everything Color and then process Black and White after the fact
        When I hold my iPhone vertical it is Black and White, when I hold it Horizontal it’s color, and everything I shoot is Square! :-)

  6. How was the lumia 920 not mentioned in this article? $$ from apple?

    1. This was a review of the iPhone 5’s camera explicitly. We ran a separate story on Friday about the Lumia 920 and the iPhone 5 cameras. Feel free to take a tour of our site.

    2. I have a feeling that you may see more mention of the Nokia when it’s actually available. Hell, why not mention the Lumia 980. It’ll probably be out after the 920. Then the 1050 will be out so why not mention that while you’re at it.
      I find it fantastic that you see no mention of an unreleased phone as $$ from Apple. If he had mentioned it you would have just complained about some other device that you’re in love with even though you’ve never seen one in person.

  7. Sorry but the terms “point and shoot” and photographer really just don’t mix well. I’m sure a lot a lame wanna-ba photographers will jump up and disagree so they have the liberty of calling themselves “photographers”. I looked at the photos on your blog, they look like someone took them with a point-and-shoot and have just about that much thought behind them. You can say that you are writer that likes photography but stop passing yourself off as a photographer, please. There are 100s of examples of good photography out there. Please compare your work photos with those. A person who takes photos is not necessarily a photographer. That term implies a long investment in learning a craft.

    1. Geez Dude, a person who drives a car is the “driver”, a person who cooked a meal is the “cook”..therefore a person who takes a picture is what…a “picture taker” and not the “photographer”? I am a person who owns a D90 DSLR, an S95 Point and Shoot and a 4S. By no means am I an “expert Photographer” but I do take nice shots on occasion and appreciate good pictures as well. I can therefore claim that I am an “amateur Photographer” but a Photographer nevertheless. Peace

      1. Well, yes but in english (which is not my native language) there’s a differene between “Driver” and “Pilot”, “Cook” and “Chef”… I Think so….There’s one in italian, so I suppose is the same for English…

  8. Did you notice if the low light quality was a lot worse when in panoramic mode compared to the normal camera mode? If so, any idea why it would do that?

    1. You can do better, use your point and shoot you will encounter the same problem.

      The light emitted by the screen is much stronger than the surrounding hence the brightness but look at the screen it is not a washout (try to look it up so you will understand what I am trying to say).

    2. Because the ISO filter is only a “Software” one, it’s not about Lenses and Apertures…So in a panorama mode it is just skipped by the software…

  9. Have you considered trying the lumia 920?

  10. No mention of significant, obvious purple fringing in the “photographer’s view”.

  11. amazing! The photo does look a lot brighter when you turn on your desk lamp!

  12. Lance Cunningham Saturday, September 29, 2012

    What is causing the purple cast in the upper lefthand corner of the iPhone 5 photo of your desk (not the pano photo)? Seems like some kind of purple fringing.

  13. the photo with the iphone 5 has two source lights as opposed to the iphone 4’s one
    indirect light from the monitor. The comparison is invalid, if not outright biased and rigged.

  14. There is no phone to date that would approach a DSLR with it’s larger CMOS sensor. I’m not saying that the technology will not be developed. But, I have an iPhone and would never compare any photo taken with it, to my 5DMKII……….. I agree with the talent aspect, but won’t speak for my own talents, or lack of them.

    1. Come on dude, you are comparing an iPhone (any phone, as a matter of fact) with a HIGH-END Camera! Canon 5DMKII IS NOT the average DSLR like Nikon 3100 or Canon EOS 600….The comparison has to be with High-end P&S or Bridge cameras, not a 3000 bucks (body only) Camera…

  15. apple to oranges – the camera angle changed drastically enough to not be able to compare the two. The internal metering is reading for an overall completely different exposure. The shot with 4s is exposing for the little light on the laptop. You could have clicked on a different part of the image and exposed for the darker areas in the shot. There may be a big difference in quality between the two but you can’t determine that from the very unscientific experiment that was done in this example! You have to keep the exact same angle and expose for the exact same spot and exposure. Only then can you look at the two images and make comparisons.

  16. Agree that my G11 has definitely hit the drawer for long periods of time with the advent of the iPhone 4 and 4S. And it’s a very capable device but as you said, it’s not a replacement for a DSLR yet.. give it time :)

  17. was the 4S running iOS6?

  18. Am looking forward to the 5S upgrade late October when they ship….an aside; I want a phone to shoot raw like a dslr. Let me decide how to “affect effects” myself. And, your pano is cool; I’d love it if my desk looked so neat….

    vin

  19. paginas web valencia Saturday, September 29, 2012

    iphone 5 is very good phone, but I think as far as technology is concerned this camera high above in the latter, but again, the iPhone 5 is very very good phone

  20. was hoping for more substance in the article and this site. pretty flat article IMHO and almost sounded apple biased. i mean iphone is really nice though there are really tons of great apps out there. for a serious photographer to not mention the purple flare, mention the lumina (which is a big deal) and do some actual math and image comparison to explain how much better the iphone5 is.

  21. Its pretty clear to see u simply turned the desk lamp on im surprised no one has mentioned that. there is going to be a clear dif. When in the 4s pic. The light is off amd then in the 5 shot its on… Thats why u got the purple spot. damn people will do anything to praise apple

    1. Mike’s exactly right. That’s the first thing I noticed–it wasn’t just another shot with a new camera–it was another shot with a new camera and a new light source!

      (Just look at the direction of the highlights and the shadows and it’s obvious the primary light source in the iPhone 5 photo is from a different direction–one that matches the desk lamp that Mike mentions.)

      Yes, most cameras will show marked ‘low light” improvement–when you add more light.

      Not exactly comparing “apples to apples” as they say! ;-)

      1. You can see a tad of the blue cast from the blue-ish metal shade in the “bad” pic.

        So, yes, the ligting conditons are the same; the iPhone 5 is just better at adjusting.

    2. I can assure you, the light was on in both shots.

  22. Thanks for this. I’m not looking to be a “real photographer”. Just want to take better pictures. This was perfect.

  23. two different angles on the low light pics. try again.

  24. As a videographer I find the Lumia 920 OIS intriguing. However, as usual, the iPhone 5 is available to paying customers today, the Lumia 920 is not available and not shipping, so how to reasonably test it?

  25. ohh my ohh my purple with envy much?

    If you do not like the Purple haze effect aka “pHaze” then use an app to undo the coloring from the lens flair. Either way the flair area will be washed out. You could color it with one of the 50million tones of white and fade it out or use yellow white rings like a late 90’s 3d software implementation of a lens flair.
    ———————————–

    But with a device so popular and already millions of people own said device with an unplanned feature means the beginning of an iconic part of the device history.
    Leaving it and the millions of people already can recognize an iPhone5 photo from the pHaze and state that is from the iPhone5. Why sir now you have created a branding that is instantly recognizable.
    This is why cameras are imitated on the iOS and droid market (pinhole, Polaroid 70’s, toy camera , some russian cameras and plethora of other photo effect apps from camera notable past. This lens flair is now already starting to be implemented other app, particularly the droid photo app scene.

    IF apple releases a hardware fix then you will see listings for “iPhone pre pHaze fix” if it is a software fix than people will want it to be optional due to the branding of the phone camera image just like a giant apple with a bite taken out of it.

    No matter what the Purple Haze is going to now be associated with the iPhone5 and will later become nostalgic item that apps and other cameras will imitate.

  26. To those commenting, thanks.

    The purple haze is caused by a blue metal lampshade and body on my desk light.
    My goal with the two pictures was mainly to show the same general lighting conditions and how the 2 iPhones handles the light. In hindsight, I probably should have gotten the angles closer (they’re pretty close, though).
    I’m also not advocatinng the iPhone 5 is a serious replacement for a DSLR, but for most people it’s a fine carry around camera.

  27. wow, what’s with all the bitchin’ dudes? I’m a professional photographer and thought this article made perfect sense. The comment by Joseph about using your hand to shield the lens from strong light sources works fine. It is a tiny camera and it does what i need for quick shots here and there. Are you guys done PMSing already?

  28. iPhone 5 purple lens flare against a bright light source. Looks like a reflection on the lens.

  29. I’ve compared images of the iPhone 4S with the HTC Amaze and the Amaze looks better. It’s sharper and does better in low light conditions. Unfortunately the Amaze suffers from some of the worst battery life in the history of smartphones. I have a 11X14 pic blown up in my bedroom taken from my HTC Amaze. The pix it makes are really stunning.

  30. Gavin, are you thinking about getting into iPhone photography? I was looking at this web-site and up popped this “welcome wggreig” comment!

  31. I couldn’t agree more about “the magic” I once wanted to take great pictures and felt I had a good eye for making great shots. I bought a dslr, but then never wanted to haul it around, so I ended up selling it. I now use my iPhone 5 or a Sony WX150 point and shoot and still get good results. It’s not all about the equipment, but what the person does with the equipment they have. If conditions are right a 8mp cell phone camera + a little editing can produce some suprising good results.

  32. Joseph DeRuvo Jr. Monday, November 26, 2012

    Mr. Crump
    Didn’t see any other way to contact you, but thought you my be interested in this.
    Had attended a Wedding of a friend.
    Me being a Professional Photographer attending as a guest!
    What else does one do?
    Photograph with your iPhone of course (always being respectful of the paid Photographer of course)
    Hers’s the link, all the photographs were processed on the iPhone also, we printed a Blurb book as a gift to them, came out quite nicely
    http://www.deruvophotography.com/carlieanddrummond

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