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Summary:

It is the worst time to be in greentech in the U.S. and the best time to be in greentech in many countries outside the U.S. India is building out its infrastructure — including power generation and water systems — and green technologies have a strong opportunity there.

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It is the worst time to be in greentech in the U.S. and the best time to be in greentech in many countries outside the U.S., Ira Ehrenpreis said at an industry event earlier this year. I have thought about that sentiment often throughout the two weeks that I have spent with the Geeks on a Plane group in India.

Compared to the difficult market that technologies like clean power and water desalination face in many states in the U.S., because of India’s rapidly growing GDP, the country is quickly building out its infrastructure — including power generation and water systems. That means green technologies have the potential for a vibrant and growing market within the country. The Indian government has also taken a large role in setting mandates to push clean power from the top down.

The desire for more energy

Even in my short time in India, which was spent prominently in developed and modern areas, there were sporadic blackouts, as the demand for power in general is significantly more than the current supply of power. During an interview with execs at India’s university IIT in Delhi, routine blackouts occurred, and no one batted an eye. At the Hard Rock Cafe Mumbai (yeah, we’re the Indian equivalent of gringos) the party ended at midnight with an extended blackout.

We took a tour of GE’s renewable energy and smart grid labs, and the GE execs pointed out that the country plans to add 100 GW of power generation over the next five years, and that will be made up by mostly coal and clean power. The rapidly growing Indian middle class will soon want to consume similar amounts of power to the U.S. and Europe, and that will require this massive power infrastructure buildout.

Clean power growth

Part of this growth in power will come from clean sources. India is expected to install 3 GW of solar by 2016, compared with the 54 MW of solar installed in 2010. The government has a top-down plan to hit 20 GW of solar by 2020, and big power companies and startups alike are developing solar project development businesses.

Much of India’s solar plans are for grid-connected solar — huge utilities installing solar PV farms that will provide solar power for the grid. But there is also a potentially large opportunity for so-called off-grid solar, for medium to small businesses down to rural homes. There are hundreds of millions of people in India who don’t have access to any, or any reliable, grid power. Companies like Duron Energy are selling off-grid solar PV systems for this need.

Wind, which is currently cheaper than solar on a per kWh basis, is an even bigger market than solar in India right now. GE, which is one of the world’s largest wind blade makers, showed us its testing equipment in its labs that can help integrate wind power more effectively onto the Indian power grid. GE is also working on how to use energy storage to make the grid more reliable, as well as smart grid technology in the country.

Smart grid and clean water

The power grid is a major bottleneck for adding on 100 GW to India’s power grid, and the power companies will need to invest in making the grid much more efficient than it currently is. GE has been researching and testing smart grid technologies for the domestic market in its labs, and other companies like IBM have a strong presence in India.

However, it seems like it is early days for many international companies selling smart grid tech in India. While many smart grid companies have India on their list of potential markets, I haven’t seen as much attention on the smart grid there, compared to, say, the smart grid in China.

India’s utilities are also looking to build out clean water infrastructure, as clean running water has been notoriously poor to date. Desalination projects that can’t get funding in markets like the U.S. — where clean water pipelines reach almost 100 percent of the population — are far more economic in India. And there is a lot of money to be made in clean water: Desalination company VA Tech Wabag, based in Chennai, India, went public last year.

Given the potential greentech markets in India, we plan to follow the innovations happening on the ground in the big cities and rural areas of the country. And don’t forget to check out Panchubata, which has its finger on the pulse of the Indian clean power markets.

  1. CHAGANTI BHASKAR Monday, December 19, 2011

    Respected sir,
    I respect your valuable explanation and your love towards hydraulics. if i have a pipe of example 150 diameters and in this we are pumping 9000 cubic meters water per second so we have to use big pump turbines for example 415 megawatts each pumping at least 20 cubic meters per second inside the 150 diameter pipe and to pump 9000 cubic meters per second we should use 450 numbers of pump turbines collectively pump pressure to pump 9000 cubic meters water per second so we are using 186750 megawatts of collective power from 450 pump turbines (each 415 megawatt pump turbine will have a capacity to pump 20 cubic meters of water to 800 meters vertically up or net pump head or total pump head) so we have a pipe of just 150 meters there by we are getting 150 meters head so with a head of 150 meters and with flow of 9000 cubic meters per second there will be very big generations P = HEAD 150 DIAMETERS X FLOW 9000 CUBIC METERS PER SECOND X GRAVITY 9.81 X PLANT EFFICIENCY FACTOR JUST 40 % = 5297400 KWH of green and clean electricity generated so if we have 5297 Mega Watts of electricity per one hour.

    If we have 100 kilometers long pipe then we have 100 turbines i.e. 1 turbine for every kilometer length so hundred turbines will generate 529740 Mega Watts of clean and green electricity.

    If we use one pump turbine of 415 megawatt pump turbine to lift 20 cubic meters of water per second to just 300 meters height then each pump turbine will consume

    Hydraulic Power: 58860(kW) 78931.26(bhp)and Shaft Power: 98100(kW) 131552.1(bph)each pump turbine of 415 megawatts consumption per one hour to lift 72000 cubic meters per hour.

    so 450 individual pump turbines collective consume 26487000 KWH of electricity per one hour of non stop pumping 9000 cubic meters of water per second.

    Hydraulic Power: 26487000(kW) 35519067(bhp) and Shaft Power:44145000(kW) 59198445(bph).

    If we have so much of electricity generated every one hour and use this nearly free electricity for the development of man kind kindly say how many jobs will be created and how many factories will run on different shifts there by more and more employment is created all farmers will get free electricity to increase production with excess of electrical generation we can avoid all fossil fuels and nuclear generation and say no to the use of oil for running the automobile industry instead of petrol bunks we can keep electrical bunks.

    sir, when we are selling power at just 1 cent per KWH so every hour we will generate revenue 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 and in 8760 hours the total revenue will be 4380000000000 cents per every one year.

    THANKING YOU
    WITH REGARDS
    CHAGANTI
    +91-9014116548
    mybusinessislove@gmail.com

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  2. thanks @Chaganti Bhaskar, Im truly glad we are able to share love toward hydraulics.

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  3. Katie, thanks for a nice update about the status of greentech in India. Do you think that getting funding for smaller greentech companies in India from international investors will be easier going forward? I was in water purification business before I switched to academics. In my experience small companies remain small generally. At maximum they grow to become medium size enterprises.

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  4. I was impressed with the wind farms in the south of India. It’s a country ripe for clean energy, sort of how the west was a few decades ago, except they should be more motivated to use it properly seeing our poor example :)

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  5. Nice post! Even suzlon India is doing a great job in Green Energy generation!

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  6. Katie, thanks for the interesting article. Can you say a little more about where specifically in India this growth is concentrated. Please also consider following @ShearmanGreen, as we are following you. Many thanks.

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  7. Thanks Katie for the interesting article. For India, Smart Grid is going to be necessity, without Smart Grid, India’s growth story will not be able to move forward. The demand for energy far outstrips the supply even-though almost 50% of the countryside still do not have access to basic power. While at the one hand, With 8% + growth rate, power demand is going to increase at rapid pace, on the other hand, factors like climate change will force the government use more and more clean energy, which are intermittent and decentralize in nature. India and other developing countries do not have same luxury as the developed economies to rely on conventional sources. Smart Grid and novel technologies will be critical for sustainable development of developing nations and the world as whole. SmartGridIndia

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  8. Vladimir Karasev Sunday, December 25, 2011

    Ladies and gentlemen, good afternoon. The company Solarus Energy Ltd
    formirut fund $ 3000000 for the completion of work on the production
    technology Solar Cell efficiency of 35%. Support our company, Grant,
    we will finalize our technology, which will reduce the cost of solar
    panel to $ 0.30 per watt. We are ready to take any form of donations
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    efforts of many people and organizations we will make. Most of solar
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    Our company is interested in quickly attracting venture
    funding to finish work on the technology of production of
    solar modules with high efficiency. request for funding and in the
    annex to the letter the results of our work in the form of a report

    We offer more detailed information on our company and demand for grant
    capital funding in the amount of – $ 3000 000.

    CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY – technology perfected laboratory,
    to manufacture industrial design and conduct an independent test.

    REQUIRED AMOUNT OF VENTURE FINANCING – $ 3000 000.
    The additional informationFinancing term – 38 months. Return of the
    investor – in the course
    10 days after the expiration of funding.

    PROPOSAL FOR COOPERATION for venture investors
    After production of the industrial design and an independent test, we
    propose % Of revenue from the sale of technology.

    COMMERCIALIZATION developed technology.
    Our technology has a wide range of potential buyers.
    This technology allows all companies to manufacturers of solar modules
    very easy to integrate our technology into an existing, technological
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    right to the technology will be limited to use by the buyer on the
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    and obemu release.

    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
    At present the main trends in development by improving the efficiency of
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    So a few days ago, the Japanese company Sharp after 9 years of work
    reported the creation of a prototype battery that runs without a hub, but
    the efficiency of which is 35,8%.
    New uses for electricity generation several photo-absorbing layers, united
    among themselves. The substrate is made of battery connections on the basis
    of indium and gallium. The properties provided by the battery is quite close
    to those used in the aerospace industry. Talking about the mass use will not
    have developers in the coming years to address issues of cost reduction and
    a number of technological problems.
    Our company has gone a different way:
    1. We left a substrate of mono silicon.
    2. on the surface of the substrate of mono silicon, we have consistently
    strike a few
    layers of thickness 50-100 nano meter (materials that are applied is our
    know-how) —
    * Main layer of nano-size mono atomic amorphous silicon, is a very active
    state of amorphous silicon. In this layer, the speed of motion of electrons
    is several times higher than the standard Cell-based silicon. And as this
    layer is able to convert into electrical energy is not only the visible part
    of the spectrum of sunlight and ultra violet and infra red radiation. Mono
    atomic amorphous silicon produced by quantum chemical engineering at a
    temperature of 20 degrees Celsius.
    Properties of mono atomic amorphous silicon are truly unique.
    Cost to automobile 1 gr. This material does not exceed $ 100.
    At the same time using 1 gr. mono amorphous silicon can cover 10 square
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    photovoltaic plates.
    * extreme layer is an anti-reflecting the carbon coating.
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    Specification
    Dimension :156mm x 156mm ± 0.5mm
    Thickness :203 mc.m ± 0,5 mc.m, 180 mc.m ± 0,5 mc.m
    Front :2.0 ± 0.1mm busbar (silver)
    Silicon nitride antireflection coating
    Back 3.0mm continuous soldering pads (silver)
    Back surface field (aluminum)
    Efficiency – 35%
    Power : 6,5 watt
    Color uniformity A, grade

    In addition to the use of solar energy nanoscale mono atomic amorphous
    silicon and its application of our technology has great prospect of
    application in the electronics industry.
    When applying this material for silicon-based chip, we seek to increase
    speed and memory in the old scale of the chip.
    We have plans to use this technology in other areas – space, medicine ..
    To maintain the pace and timing of the completion of the production of
    industrial prototypes we raise $ 3000 000.

    We are interested in quickly attracting investment.

    general director SOLARUS ENERGY Ltd
    VLADIMIR KARASEV

    Email: vladimirkarasev1@gmail.com

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