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Summary:

Wikipedia, which turns 10 this weekend, has taken a lot of heat over the years. But it has become a crucial aspect of our lives, and in many ways it has shown us what all information online is becoming: social, distributed, interactive and (at times) chaotic.

Wikipedia 10 years

Wikipedia, which turns 10 years old this weekend, has taken a lot of heat over the years. There has been repeated criticism of the site’s accuracy, of the so-called “cabal” of editors who decide which changes are accepted and which are not, and of founder Jimmy Wales and various aspects of his personal life and how he manages the non-profit service. But as a Pew Research report released today confirms, Wikipedia has become a crucial aspect of our online lives, and in many ways it has shown us — for better or worse — what all information online is in the process of becoming: social, distributed, interactive and (at times) chaotic.

According to Pew’s research, 53 percent of American Internet users said they regularly look for information on Wikipedia, up from 36 percent of the same group the first time the research center asked the question in February of 2007. Usage by those under the age of 30 is even higher — more than 60 percent of that age group uses the site regularly, compared with just 33 percent of users 65 and older. Based on Pew’s other research, using Wikipedia is more popular than sending instant messages (which less than half of Internet users do), and is only a little less popular than using social networking services, which 61 percent of users do regularly.

The term “wiki” — just like the word “blog,” or the name “Google” for that matter — is one of those words that sounds so ridiculous it was hard to imagine anyone using it with a straight face when Wikipedia first emerged in the early 2000s. But despite a weird name and a confusing interface (which the site has been trying to improve to make it easier to edit things), Wikipedia took off and has become a powerhouse of “crowdsourcing,” before most people had even heard that word. In fact, the idea of a wiki has become so powerful that document-leaking organization WikiLeaks adopted the term even though (as many critics like to point out) it doesn’t really function as a wiki at all.

Most people will never edit a Wikipedia page — like most social media or interactive services, it follows the 90-9-1 rule, which states that 90 percent of users will simply consume the content, 9 percent or so will contribute regularly, and only about 1 percent will ever become dedicated contributors. But even with those kinds of numbers, the site has still seen more than 4 billion individual edits in its lifetime, and has more than 127,000 active users. Those include people like Simon Pulsifer, once known as “the king of Wikipedia” because he edited over 100,000 articles. Why? Because that was his idea of fun, as he explained to me at a web conference.

Yes, there will always be people who decide to edit the Natalie Portman page so that it says she is going to marry them, or create fictional pages about people they dislike. But the surprising thing isn’t that this happens — it’s how rarely it happens, and how quickly those errors are found and corrected.

With Twitter, we are starting to see how a Wikipedia-like approach to information scales even further. As events like the Giffords shooting take hold of the national consciousness, Twitter becomes a real-time news service that anyone can contribute to, and it gradually builds a picture of what has happened and what it means. Along the way, there are errors and all kinds of other noise — but over time, it produces a very real and human view of the news. Is it going to replace newspapers and television and other media? No, just as Wikipedia hasn’t replaced encyclopedias (although it has made them less relevant).

That is the way information works now, and for all their flaws, Wikipedia and Jimmy Wales were among the first to recognize that.

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  1. “For All Its Flaws, Wikipedia is the Way Information Works Now” [citation needed’

    1. nice :-)

  2. Isn’t Paul Kedrosky basically saying the same thing for search:
    Curation is the New Search is the New Curation

    But from a tech point of view the:
    “Along the way, there are errors and all kinds of other noise — but over time, it produces a very real and human view of the news”

    Is more interesting.
    Our systems are build reactive right now, action reaction. Driven by an external clock, in relation to data, which has no connection to Information. But to build “rational” systems one has to take timing of data into account to archive a more “human view of Information”. Making a stupid system faster does not make it smarter.

    P.S. I use TTL to allow data to bring their own timing into the machine for that reason. In other words I’m totally biased.

    1. Thanks, Ronald — yes, I think Paul is making much the same point in his post, which I thought was really smart.

  3. IMO Wikipedia is a marvelous resource.

  4. Wikipedia is one source of information I use practically every day.
    However, using it once or twice a day pales in comparison to the time / frequency of use that some people put in on Facebook and Twitter.

    December 30 I happened to search for info about the actress who played the part of Liesl in Sound of Music, Charmian Carr. I discovered on Wikipedia that she had died that very day, and further investigation showed that it had been reported, by someone in Boston, only ten minutes before I found the report. Five minutes after I found the article, I had corrected it, based on the fact that her ‘death’ had not been reported ANYwhere else. [I believe the person who reported the death had heard that Agathe von Trapp, the person on whose character Liesl was based, had just died.]

    That was only the second time I have ever edited a Wikipedia article. Statistics (90-9-1) are useful but don’t always tell the complete story.

    1. Thanks for that, Don. That’s fascinating. Nice to know that you are part of the 1 percent :-)

  5. I use it but do not trust it. It is easy and convenient to find some facts. However, there is no control of editorializing when someone submits something. The slants can be horrific depending on the writer. Alternate sources MUST always be researched to verify information. Many people, especially those under 30, accept what is written there as gospel. That is a long term problem for the sanctity of our history, which is easily changed through a forum such as this. There is a reason many teachers and professors will not allow Wikipedia articles to be cited as references. Unfortunately, I see no solution to the problem.

    1. I think more skepticism is a good thing, both in terms of Wikipedia and lots of other sources of information.

  6. Invaluable. I remember when people said we’d never get rid of paper encyclopedias. Then we tried wikipedia with skepticism. Now we use it to look up everything from Demi Moore’s age to the history of html.

  7. Its over 400,000,000 total edits not 4,000,000,000

    1. It’s 400 million page edits, but an average of 19 edits per page — so it’s actually quite a bit more than 4 billion.

  8. “Wikipedia hasn’t replaced encyclopedias” Really? I don’t know anybody who owns a real encyclopedia anymore (demo: white male, 40+, uni degree), but I know that many people click on Wikipedia links every day as they are returned by Google. They wouldn’t say they “use” Wikipedia though! It was just one of many links they clicked on during their day, they don’t even remember it.

  9. Most articles on Wikipedia have many references, but these often don’t seem to be great sources, so I’m still skeptical about claims that Wikipedia “works” and is usually pretty accurate.

    I do use Wikipedia, but usually just for its amalgamation of different sources and references about where I can go to find things. For music artists, for example, I can find their entire discographies and references to a bunch of reviews.

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