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Summary:

The negative news surrounding Clearwire has taken a drumbeat-like quality making many worry about its fate. Today, word is that chairman Craig McCaw is leaving. What does this mean for the company? Is Sprint, Clearwire’s largest shareholder looking to make some future changing moves?

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The negative news surrounding Clearwire, the much-vaunted next generation wireless innovator has taken a drumbeat-like quality, enough for even the most optimistic among us to worry about its fate. It has now become known that company’s chairman, Craig McCaw, is leaving and resigning from the board of the company he masterminded into existence.

Craig McCaw. Photo Courtesy of Wikipedia

This is the latest in the string of bad news for Clearwire; earlier it was talk about the company running out of cash, and thus, being unable to build out its network. It has cut jobs, slowed down the network build-out and has even started toying with the idea of selling spectrum. There have been reports of conflict with Sprint, the company that’s the single largest shareholder in Clearwire, not to mention looming competition from the likes of Verizon and T-Mobile, which have launched their own high-speed next generation wireless networks.

It’s tough to read what McCaw’s exit means. Some, like Michael Mahoney of Falcon Point Capital, wonder if this means the company is going under. That’s an over-reaction. From what I hear, McCaw hasn’t been that active with the company for a long time. Those in the know think it is a non-event, though it could also be something as simple as Clearwire’s largest shareholder, Sprint, finally asserting control over what is clearly its own future. Sprint currently owns 54 percent of Clearwire. One can only guess that McCaw’s exit is a precursor to some sort of company-defining event – perhaps more money from Sprint, and a management shake-up to follow. Neither Sprint and Clearwire have responded to my queries.

In response to McCaw’s exit, Clearwire spokesperson offered this statement:

Ben Wolff has been named to fill the Eagle River seat on the board in Craig’s place. You probably remember that he was the CEO of Clearwire until early 2009. In terms of business plan, his past role with the company and affiliation with Eagle River will maintain continuity in our leadership and bring to Clearwire a unique perspective on our business and skills that are sure to provide added value to the Company and to our shareholders.

Clearwire is owned by McCaw’s Eagle River Holdings, Sprint Nextel, Google, Intel Corp, Comcast, Time Warner Cable and a sundry group of investors. These companies have collectively invested about $5 billion into Clearwire, with Sprint ponying up the largest amount of cash. It also contributed a massive amount of spectrum to the company.

At present, Intel has abandoned WiMAX. Google’s strategy is extremely confusing, and its increasingly cozy relationship with Verizon doesn’t bode well for Clearwire. Comcast is too busy fending off the FCC and other regulators as it tries to put a bow on its NBC acquisition. The others are simply irrelevant entities, with neither market clout nor financial muscle. That leaves Sprint!

Sprint CEO Dan Hesse recently told me that Clearwire’s WiMAX network was its 4G strategy. In the high-speed wireless future, Sprint would be left naked without Clearwire and its network. If Clearwire fails, you can bet it is going to take Sprint down with it. In the past there has been talk of Sprint acquiring Clearwire outright – a pricey but necessary move for the company. In the words of UBS analyst John Hodulik this is one dysfunctional relationship.

Clearwire went to the public markets and sold $1.33 billion in debt to keep building out their network. Will that be enough? When I recently met with Mike Sievert, chief commercial officer at Clearwire, he argued that the negativity is unwarranted. For instance, he said the recent debt round was a sign of confidence from the market, and gives the company room to maneuver. “People question whether we will be able to raise capital to grow the network, and we have proved them otherwise,” he said.

Sievert pointed out Clearwire has a fundamental asset – spectrum – and that’s what that matters in the end. Sprint, we’ve heard from our sources, is not in the favor of Clearwire selling its spectrum. Nevertheless, in its most recent quarter, the company added 150,000 retail subscribers and about 1.1 million wholesale subscribers, thanks to the launch of the Evo and Epic handsets on the Sprint Network.

Sievert says an average Clearwire USB modem user was downloading about 7 GB of data every month, and the numbers are higher for folks using fixed wireless modems at home. If this is a norm, they and their competitors need more spectrum to support the growth. The company was planning to reach 120 million population points (pops) in over 68 markets by the end of 2010. This means Clearwire can now start attracting new customers in larger numbers.

Will that be enough for the company to stay independent?

Related GigaOM Pro Content (sub req’d):

  1. Sprint Nextel May Purchase More Clearwire Debt; Clearwire Chairman Departs – Forbes Friday, December 31, 2010

    [...] McCaw to Step Down as Chairman TodayBloombergMcCaw steps down as Clearwire chairBizjournals.comGigaOm -TechFlash -RCR Wirelessall 67 news [...]

  2. If spectrum is “what matters in the end”, where are the buyers of S’s 4% share in CLWR and taking over the auction? VZ and T will both come calling.

  3. I was telling everyone 2 years ago that WiMax was a dead-end. It’s a big-infrastructure technology (ie it requires a really big roll-out) without enough big-provider support. LTE just had too much momentum 2 years ago, and it’s even worse for WiMax now. I told you so.

    Here’s my next prediction: Sprint is in big trouble because they haven’t been working on an LTE transition the way Verizon has. Verizon is the biggest fish in the CDMA2K pool now and they’re the only reason Samsung, LG, etc make price-competitive CDMA2K phones at all at this point. Once Verizon begins migrating customers off CDMA2K and on to Volga-enabled LTE, the CDMA2K wholesale market for handsets is going to get much smaller and much harder to justify selling to for handset makers.

    Better start looking into LTE, Sprint.

    1. I see it differently:
      1) LTE will no doubt be huge, but I don’t know how you attribute 2 years worth of zero deployment to huge momentum.
      2) Sprint/Clear has said more than once that they could transition all or part of their WiMax network to LTE with a software/firmware change.
      3) Samsung and LG are both Korean – and there are 316 million CDMA subscribers in Asia. Do you really think they will be abandoning CDMA handsets quickly?
      4) Verizon had 92.1 million customers as of Q2. How quickly do you suppose they can transition all of them to a voice standard that isn’t even supported yet on their own LTE network? (2 years, minimum).
      5)Consumers don’t care about wirless protocols nearly as much as tech bloggers and EE’s think. Pricing and throughput will be what matters, and both (along with T-Mobile’s HSPA+) are all fairly competitive today.

      Back to the topic at hand – as majority shareholder, Sprint gets to decide, don’t they?

      1. 1) Is there a single new carrier in the last 2 years who has announced a WiMax rollout?
        2) I hope they can get more UMTS spectrum with a firmware upgrade too – Clearwire’s network has been stitched together from unconventionally-licensed 2.5GHz spectrum in the US. LTE phones suitable for use on Clearwire spectrum would probably be, at wholesale, expensive one-offs, much like CDMA2K phones will be as soon as Verizon begins the big push to LTE.
        3) a) Just about every major CDMA2K carrier in the world (minus KDDI), including SK and KT, is either transitioning or has transitioned to UMTS or LTE. Of the transitions that I’ve witnessed, they pretty much stopped selling CDMA2K subsidized phones immediately – at least for smartphones and feature-phones. I don’t know how SK or KT will do this.
        3) b) With Verizon out of the business of selling CDMA2K phones (versus supporting them) the biggest customer for smartphones and feature-phones will be gone from the CDMA2K business – the rest is low-rent business in China and SE asia.
        4) Again, of the transitions I’ve seen in Australia and Canada, the carriers were pretty determined to stop selling CDMA2K phones – especially at the high-end – to customers. Verizon will make this work as fast as they can. Can Sprint transition to LTE in 2 years to avoid getting sucked-down below the waves with the rest of the CDMA2K wreck?
        5) No – actually throughput only matters to USB stick customers – everyone else cares about price and handset availability (ask anyone trying to get an iPhone on Verizon). And when all of Sprint’s handsets are all CDMA2K one-offs that cost them a good 25% more at wholesale than what Verizon and AT&T are paying, with no material gain for customers, it isn’t going to end well.

      2. Ted, if you look at Sprint’s “Network Vision” that they released information on at the beginning of last December (2010), you’ll see that they are priming their network for whatever might happen. Their new network build out will allow them to offer any service on any spectrum they own. That means they will be able to have CDMA/iDEN/WiMax/LTE in whatever combination they need to and on whatever frequencies they choose and they’ll be able to do so dynamically – switching on demand with software. In addition, there is no reason to worry about CDMA handset selection. Verizon isn’t even planning to start switching to VoLTE until 2012 or 2013, depending on the evolution of a Voice over LTE standard, and regardless of what Verizon does, China Telecom is about to hit 100 million CDMA subscribers and is expected to upgrade their network to EV-DO Rev. B and they are said to be negotiating for the CDMA iPhone. CDMA makes sense at this point from a cost perspective for a lot of organizations. I honestly am not worried about Sprint – despite the hyperbole and fear mongering of the media they have quite a few options left before they collapse.

  4. Richard Bennett Friday, December 31, 2010

    I like that you call Clearwire an “innovator,” Om. Too many people are reluctant to admit that networks are the products of innovation as much as ground-breaking advances like Farmville are; maybe even more.

    I think the question that Clearwire’s troubles raise is whether a fixed location wireless service can ever really compete with DSL, cable, and FiOS for residential broadband. The FCC’s new net neutrality rules really slam the fixed wireless providers. They need the same engineering freedom that mobile enjoys under the new rules but they’re bound to the same conditions as wireline operators.

    It probably also means that Clearwire’s spectrum holdings are too valuable to spend on fixed location services.

    1. @Richard +1 “Too many people are reluctant to admit that networks are the products of innovation as much as ground-breaking advances like Farmville are; maybe even more.”

      I’ve been rooting for WiMax for a long time. Unfortunately, Sprint and Clearwire did a terrible job of executing on some truly excellent spectrum and a groundbreaking technology that could have been the WiFi of long-haul RF.

      In my fantasy world two years ago, this is what Clearwire would have done from the beginning:

      -offer an unlimited all-you-can-eat 4G plan

      -let any device OEM on the network after some quality control, starting with laptops and mobiles and then migrating broader device inclusion – tablets, in-automobile receivers through the big automakers (radio is most listened to in the car), M2M, etc.

      -hook up with Boingo, and other WiFi Networks, Starbucks and the home-networking mfgrs for seamless fixed mobile convergence (FMC) when possible; make VOIP on UMA handoff in the home and outside seamless

      -offer a completely open API so the web guys could go out there and create enticing apps for endusers and use it as a testbed before the LTE networks were unleashed

      Now it might be too late, but if Verizon is charging with bucketed tiers during a recession, Sprint/Clearwire might just be able to innovate by playing the “dumb pipe”.

      Clearwire really was a startup and they should have acted more like one by doing everything they could to get users on board en masse. Instead, they started life by focusing on stationary WiMax for the last-mile; a terrible market because its largely poor and because it gets no media love due to few savvy technology addicts living in Montana or Maine. I still hope something good comes out of it.

      1. Those are some pretty good ideas, but you can’t open the pipe up to diverse applications without using the smart pipe features that are builtin to WiMax, and I don’t think you’d want to from a business perspective.

        Clearwire bought into the idea that consumers are miserable with the wireline duopoly when most of them really aren’t at all dissatisfied. With cable going DOCSIS 3, and AT&T and VZ pulling fiber, another fixed-location service doesn’t have a business case except in the niches, and it’s certainly not a good system for Netflix to exploit.

        The post mortem will probably say they were squeezed for backhaul, but I wouldn’t be surprised if customer acquisition turns out to have been much more expensive that budgeted.

    2. “Those are some pretty good ideas, but you can’t open the pipe up to diverse applications without using the smart pipe features that are builtin to WiMax, and I don’t think you’d want to from a business perspective.”

      – I was suggesting that all of the smart innovations that 802.16e (mobile WiMax) has on the core WiMax (802.16) *should* be turned on such that the application makers can take advantage of an open, mobile IP network. — You are right that when comparing to the other network operators, the unlimited pricing would look like Clearwire/Sprint is shooting themselves in the foot, but I think that’s precisely where they can be innovative and actually cause some churn in the houses of their competitors. By letting end customers know their bill won’t go beyond a certain amount and by enabling all the web developers that have so much customer attention promote their mobile apps across the Internet, they would create a ton of good will and free marketing respectively.

      – Although I agree that when Clear initially launched, there was significant competition from the saturated broadband ISP space (cable/DSL), new cable penetration and fiber is actually very low. Cable is losing customers by the hundreds of thousands every quarter (a recent phenomenon) and from my understanding fiber actually never took off with AT&T U-verse and Verizon only lays out small amounts of fiber where they know it will have decent adoption (extremely limited). For Clear, now might actually be a good idea to to promote a double-play all you can eat (in home and mobile).

      – Are you suggesting that it’s bad if Netflix exploits an all-you-can-eat system? For Clear, the Netflixes of the world could be their new customer prospect list, and what they pay for streaming could a part of the new customer acquisition cost. Just like any other all-you-can-eat package, they should have an asterisk somewhere making sure the super hoards don’t take advantage of the network.

      – I’ll go so far as to predict the reason why Verizon Communications and Verizon Wireless is still psuedo separate/awkwardly structured is purely for tax optimization. Eventually, the fiber VCommunications started laying out to increase their coverage, the number of homes they “pass”, will eventually be used for backhaul for a stronger LTE network for VWireless. For consumers and many small businesses, we are only a couple of years away from a purely wireless world inside and outside of the home.

  5. Abandoning Net Neutrality: When There's No Such Thing as a Free Internet | ZDNet Monday, January 3, 2011

    [...] With the move to 4G, consumers of wireless services are going to be able to pull down data at speeds much faster than they were before. But as we recently discovered, it’s also possible to consume an entire month’s allotment of data in a matter of hours, depending on what applications are being used. So it’s a foregone conclusion that in the 4G universe, the “Unlimited Data Plan” is extinct. Wireless companies won’t be able to afford it. They’ll just go broke doing it, and end up like Clearwire. [...]

  6. Working as a supplier of radio equipment to Samsung for Clearwire’s an UQ’s WiMAX networks, we have been expecting that it would take up to 10 years for WiMAX to be commercially viable.

    Yet, in the last 5 years, it seems the Clear’s attention had been on deployment and not so much marketing. During that time, we’ve been on-and-off, eternally waiting for a “clear” direction from Clear. Its future is doomed if it continues this way.

    Conversely, UQ Communications, although started later, has deployed its network in a little over 2 years, with less spectrum, and is now marketing aggressively. Its build-it-and-they-will-come strategy is nothing new but at least it has one.

    As for marketing, there must be that magic widget that satisfies the eyes and ears of the users. I think the focus should be on upload more so than download. And, target the industrial and commercial markets as opposed to the consumer market. For example, having WiMAX enabled video cameras would eliminate the need for big news vans with satellite dishes.

    Without a major paradigm shift, I think offering wireless broadband, LTE or WiMAX, is simply more of the same thing.

  7. Executive Shake-Up at Clearwire Prompts More Questions: Tech News and Analysis « Thursday, March 10, 2011

    [...] When does this story get better? Clearwire, the early 4G WiMAX pioneer announced its CEO Bill Morrow is stepping down for personal reasons, part of a larger executive shake-up that includes the exit of chief commercial officer Mike Sievert, and CIO Kevin Hart. This follows not long after the December departure of company Founder and Chairman Craig McCaw. [...]

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