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Summary:

Whatever happened to patience? More than 81 percent of all online video viewers click away if they encounter a clip rebuffering, according to a new study by Tubemogul. The Emeryville-based video distribution and analytics startup took a close look at 192 million video streams over the […]

Whatever happened to patience? More than 81 percent of all online video viewers click away if they encounter a clip rebuffering, according to a new study by Tubemogul. The Emeryville-based video distribution and analytics startup took a close look at 192 million video streams over the course of 14 days to figure out how much rebuffers matter. The result: 6.81 percent of all streams rebuffer at some point, and around 2.5 percent rebuffer twice.

Tubemogul also measure how many times rebuffers occur across several popular CDNs. During its tests, Limelight performed the best, while Bitgravity’s streams had to reload the most, with Akamai being somewhere in the middle.

Tubemogul’s research is based on both short-form content as well as TV shows and other longer streams. The company told me that it wasn’t able to give any specifics as to how people interact with buffering in different situations, so we won’t know, for example, if users are more forgiving with Hulu streams than with YouTube videos.

However, Tubemogul was able to measure some significant differences between various popular CDNs. Only 3.84 percent of all Limelight streams sampled for the analysis rebuffered, it said. Streams served by Akamai were interrupted roughly twice as often (7.96 percent), while Bitgravity took the dubious honor of being the CDN with the most instances of rebuffering (12.48 percent).

Those numbers are pretty significant, especially now that we know that most viewers don’t bother to stick around for a video to start playing again. As Tubemogul’s marketing director David Burch noted, “To advertisers, this means many post-rolls are routinely never seen.”

  1. I fully agree ! The most important requirement we had when building our bespoke Web TV Player was that it loaded instantly … did we achieve that ?? Yes we did !

    In fact its what our viewers love about our player , no loading issues, no buffering, it is on demand in every sense of the word, try it out for yourselves. We have yet to find anything else like it on the web.

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  2. You sure these numbers are right? On TubeMoguls’ website it links to an article that says “192 streams over two weeks”, not 192 million streams.

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    1. I see the same thing 192 videos in the link from their homepage.

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    2. Yeah, looks like Mediapost got this one wrong. Here’s what the original Tubemogul paper says: “For a 14-day period, we recorded a sample of 192,268,561 streams from six top video sites
      and platforms, tracking detailed data on video delivery quality.”

      192 would have been a somewhat small sample :)

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  3. So TubeMogul was able to tell us big CDNs perform better than small? Was the sample size and length of content the same at each CDN?

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  4. TubeMogul from what I can tell has not published their methodology or any details on how this analysis was performed. As everyone in the video community knows, a huge number of factors can impact any test including:

    • Video access
    • Time of Day
    • Video Encode Type
    • End client machine profile
    • Last mile connection speed
    • Demand on a given network at a specific time

    Unless these tests were conducted in parallel or with some control the results are dubious.

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    1. With the help of an engineer, I wrote this study and am happy to weigh in. A lot of the issues you raise were taken into account when we designed our video delivery metrics technology (InPlay), which tracks these metrics for dozens of top publishers/platforms.

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  5. This study is interesting, but I would definitely be curious to see more supporting data, and if viewers were more patient with specific types of video content or platforms. As a new Internet TV network, we are just learning the importance of making our streaming content as functional as possible, especially for viewers with slower broadband connections. To think we could lose 80% of our audience on a single quick buffer seems a bit frightening.

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    1. I think you have to consider what type of content as well:

      Hulu buffers for me at least once per show (>10 seconds); yet I still watch because I highly value longform professional content.

      For short form I believe the study is more accurate, myself and many of my friends will immediately leave a YouTube, Break.com or other video player experience if it starts buffering or fails to load.

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      1. That was my gut feeling as well. I’d think people are more forgiving with long-form content. You really don’t walk away from a 30 minute show if it buffers 25 minutes into the stream.

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  6. What we need is to offer faster internet service here in the U.S. We have the fiber cables underground already, but we’re not using it.

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  7. [...] looked at 192 million video streams (source New Tee Vee) across 14 days and found that more than 81% of viewers will leave if it “rebutters.” [...]

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  8. [...] gonna get into the online video game, you had better be able to deliver fast enough for your users to not have to wait for a rebuffer: Whatever happened to patience? More than 81 percent of all online video viewers click away if they [...]

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  9. [...] gonna get into the online video game, you had better be able to deliver fast enough for your users to not have to wait for a rebuffer: Whatever happened to patience? More than 81 percent of all online video viewers click away if they [...]

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  10. Frequently a video will spend more time buffering than the length of the presentation. Two seconds of play then three seconds of buffering. I seldom experience this with Hulu or other large content providers. One problem is that some providers stop the stream at the first reload and the user must start the presentation from the beginning to view it. It frequently takes many attempts to get all the way through it. Since I experienced this I just don’t bother waiting any more.

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