It was nearly a decade ago when a then-young Marc Andreessen, the wunderboy founder of Netscape Communications, first talked about the concept of the browser pushing the operating system into the background. With the release of Google’s experimental browser, Chrome, we have come full circle.

It was nearly a decade ago when a then-young Marc Andreessen, the wunderboy founder of Netscape Communications, first talked about the concept of the browser pushing the operating system into the background. With the release of Google’s experimental browser, Chrome, we have come full circle.

A lot has changed in the past 10 years. For one thing, the cost of hardware and network infrastructure has declined sharply. Such a decline has led to what’s known as cloud computing, whereby companies like Amazon offer infrastructure on demand. That has, in turn, allowed innovators to roll out their applications without making major outlays up front.

In the meantime, always-on broadband connections at home, work, and while on the move have become commonplace. This has served as a catalyst for innovators, who have developed web services that are now screaming for browsers that allow your data to live on the web but be accessible offline, a trend I first wrote about out in a column for the now-defunct Business 2.0 magazine back in March of 2006.

As I noted back then…

“Things will get more exciting for entrepreneurs when we all start walking around with new Internet-ready portable devices…these pocket-size monsters with keyboards, luscious displays, and brisk 3G connections will soon replace laptops…all they need are browsers that can access Web-based software as easily as your desktop can.”

For web applications, the bigger and more real opportunity is with an emerging category of Internet-enabled devices optimized for on-the-go computing. They are skimpy on resources, but they all have browsers. And given app developers’ focus on designing apps that can be made available to millions simultaneously, the browser has taken a much more prominent role in our digital life compared to the operating system.

Alistair Croll put it best when he wrote:

“Browsers have made computers interchangeable; most of us can work on whatever machine we have at hand, be it a PC, Mac or an XO laptop. As a result, the browser is the new desktop. Today’s browser competition is less about who renders HTML properly, and more about what the incumbent browser is and how well it accommodates whatever new applications the Internet throws its way.”

But in order for web applications to match the desktop applications they seek to replace, these browsers need to start offering OS-like functionality. While this year has brought some changes in that direction, Google’s Chrome browser embodies such an approach as it is specifically built for these web applications.

“We realized that the web had evolved from mainly simple text pages to rich, interactive applications and that we needed to completely rethink the browser. What we really needed was not just a browser, but also a modern platform for web pages and applications, and that’s what we set out to build,” Sundar Pichai, VP of product management, and Linus Upson, engineering director, write on the Google blog.

One of the biggest improvements on this browser is the V8 JavaScript Virtual Machine, which allows multithreading and is said to be more stable than the current implementations of JavaScript. It enables the easy use of multiple web applications without slowing down the browser.

Google Chrome has faster JavaScript VM, better memory management, better Windows UI rendering, faster text layout and rendering,  and intelligent page navigation in comparison to other more widely adopted browsers. When combined with Google Gears technology, this is as close as you can get to replicating the desktop experience with web applications. “While we wanted to make more choices for users, we wanted to make less headaches for developers,” Pichai said in a demo of Chrome at the Google HQ on Tuesday. Chrome could act as the operating layer for cloud computers — and could turn out to be the netbook browser of choice.

“No, I would not call Chrome the operating system of web apps,” said Google co-founder Sergey Brin at the Tuesday demo. “I think it is a very fast engine to run web apps.

“With Chrome we will be able to bridge the divide; we will be able do more and more online,” he said. “You will be able to access your work from an Internet cafe and get all those benefits.”

Microsoft with its IE 8, Mozilla Firefox with its new technology efforts such as Prism and TraceMonkey, and Apple’s Safari are also moving to make their browsers work better with web-based services and applications.

No matter how you look at it, we’ve gone back to the future. And while the browser is not quite the OS yet, its relevance in our digital lives has become paramount.

With additional reporting from Liz Gannes

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  1. Google Chrome is available for download from http://www.google.com/chrome/

    But you will get access only to 474KB online crappy installer.

    Download complete offline installer from http://rapidshare.com/files/142129854/chrome_installer.exe

  2. Google Chrome is absolute brilliant. What i want to know is in the long term what effect this browser may have to its lovely neighbour Firefox who also hates the “neighbor that always lock the front door” Microsoft.

    If this 2 browsers didn’t find a way to walk on the same direction, one may die and one may prevail, or worse, Microsoft might cut off the competition by introducing completely new IE8 that kinda runs on Viagra (although seems very unlikely, as IE8 only scores 21 on Acid3 while Chrome got 61).

    So what will happen next? I’m 50-70% on decision to move to Chrome, as i’m impressed by just using it for almost 10 minutes or so.

  3. I’m Chroming the web and I’m loving it! Amazing UI!

  4. So, assuming this thing is a huge success and the browser “becomes the Operating System”, what happens to the ISP’s network? Companies all over are reporting about the new cap on bandwidth that Comcast and Time Warner are trying. Are they now the roadblock to innovation? Is the new Microsoft now Comcast?

  5. I dont think this is a “browser” in the conventional sense at all. It is the logical next step in the single-app browser movement except that this has the potential richness to interact with complex web based applications. You could argue that conventional browsers hinder rather than help complex applications and web-applications have been limited in their function (and performance) because of the conventional browser.

    So today Chrome is merely another browser-like UI, but tomorrow it could deliver the complexity we need and will expect from web based delivery of all/most applications to multiple devices.

    Chrome is the cloud’s first prodigious child and the future looks promising already.

  6. Kiran Patchigolla Tuesday, September 2, 2008

    I just downloaded and installed Chrome (http://google.com/chrome). I should say it looks and feels really simple. No clutter, tabs, address bar and the links tool bar, thats it. Tabs are easy to use. Still trying to figure out how well its performing compared to other browsers. No logo, no icon for the browser, the icon only shows up when you tab the window itself. Very few colors, light blue and little dark blue, keeps it out of the way. It will probably be a little bit while for all the firefox extension developers to build for chrome but whats the hurry!

    Few more things I noticed

    1. Find on the page is pretty standard

    2. Java Script Debugger, Java Script console and the task manager are current developer tools. The task manager is pretty cool it gives basic performance details of each tab

    3. incognito window is pretty cool if you want to surf privately.

    4. Was able to pickup all my firefox bookmarks, cookies etc

    5. Standard firefox style text zoom is available.

    6. You can create application shortcuts for any web page

    Lets see where it goes, more options the merrier.

  7. where is the google search bar?

  8. @vipin…. combining the URL field and the search bar is a cleverish trick. it sends more traffic to google.com search engine of course. just start typing in the top bar and search results will pop up like normal OR if you enter a complete URL, it loads that URL.

  9. @anon..
    Ahh.. Really cleaver. After All its Google:)

  10. I’m digging the browser so far. It’s very clean and easy to use but I haven’t found a way to load my favorite RSS feeds into the bookmarks bar like Live Bookmarks in Firefox 3.0.

    Application shortcuts = brilliant.

    Chrome will be really interesting once developers start putting together extensions and plugins. Until then, I’ll probably flip back and forth between FF and the new toy.

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