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The Department of Energy has said it will invest up to $33.8 million in four separate cellulosic biofuel research projects, money that will be matched by industry partners to total some $70 million. This investment is part of the nearly $1 billion the government plans to […]

The Department of Energy has said it will invest up to $33.8 million in four separate cellulosic biofuel research projects, money that will be matched by industry partners to total some $70 million. This investment is part of the nearly $1 billion the government plans to invest in biofuels. (Late last month the DOE unveiled $114 million for small-scale biorefineries.) This announcement targets projects working to lower the cost of enzymatic cellulosic ethanol, or “biomass saccharification,” the Holy Grail of biofuels.

The money will be split among four projects with four different industry partners, all of them large, transnational biotech companies, and will be invested over the next four years. The companies the DOE is investing in are:

  • DSMDSM Innovation Center Inc. (Parsippany, NJ): Part of Dutch chemical giant Royal DSM, their Innovation Center is working with fungal systems to produce enzymes that would break down lignocellulosic biomass into sugars. DSM is working with scientists at Abengoa Bioenergy New Technologies, Los Alamos Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratory.
  • GenencorGenencor (a division of Danisco USA) (Palo Alto, CA): A producer of industrial enzymes, Genencor is working with fungal cellulase as well, trying to coax as much of the cellulolytic enzymes out of Trichoderma reesei fungi. Genencor will be working with the DOE’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Colorado.
  • novozymesNovozymes Inc. (Davis, CA): With 47 percent of the global enzyme market, the Danish biotech giant Novozymes is the world’s largest producer of industrial enzymes and microorganisms. The company will use the DOE money to improve the efficiency of their current cellulases. Some of the research will take place through Novozymes’ operations in China, which is currently working with the China Resources Alcohol Corp. to research cellulosic biofuel and is building a pilot plant in the Heilongjiang province.
  • VereniumVerenium Corp. (San Diego, CA): Formed in 2007 as part of the merger between enzyme maker Diversa Corp. and Celunol Corp., Verenium develops enzymatic cocktails under the brand name “Fuelzyme-CX.” Much of Verenium’s research in cellulosic biofuels is aimed at exploring the myriad of enzymes that exist in the gut of termites.
  1. [...] Car Congress. One approach from the DOE: further funding for second-generation biofuels, report Earth2Tech and The Energy Blog. Despite all the negative publicity toward foodstock biofuels, the [...]

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  2. Green energy is definitely the best solution in most cases. Technology like solar energy, wind power, fuel cells, zaps electric vehicles, EV hybrids, etc have come so far recently. Green energy even costs way less than oil and gas in many cases.

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  3. [...] giant, which controls 47 percent of the global enzyme market, collaborated on this study and has numerous ongoing cellulosic research projects. Novozymes’s director of research activities in second-generation biofuels Joel Cherry called [...]

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  4. [...] Energy to build the first commercial scale biofuels operation.  Verenium also received a similarly large chunk of DOE change to build a biorefinery in February. That money is peanuts compared to the nearly $1 billion in [...]

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