Qualcomm's Gobi Ambitions

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Qualcomm’s Gobi wireless platform, which is comprised of firmware and chips, aims to make it easy for manufacturers to put a 3G network card inside a laptop without going through multiple carrier certification programs. If widely adopted, it would give Qualcomm a foothold inside the fast-growing laptop market, and a way to move beyond its intellectual property monopoly on the aging CDMA standard.

Mike Concannon, vice president of strategic products for Qualcomm’s CDMA technologies division, said the firm will license the Gobi platform to card makers, and won’t be getting back into manufacturing. Already H-P has said it will use Gobi cards in its 2008 line of laptops. The Gobi platform will be available in March and end users could see it by June.

The Gobi modules consists of firmware, a GPS chip and a software-defined radio that is both CDMA and HSPA compliant. It can be configured to run on any compliant network with a 5-second software update, or (depending on the business arrangement struck between laptop OEMs and carriers) could be limited to certain carrier networks. One way or another, laptop makers would love to have a single, multicarrier network card from which to choose.

Built-in wireless broadband would be sweet for those of us who hate inserting and keeping track of external network cards. If laptop makers give 3G valuable space inside the laptop, it would prove that 3G as a source of wireless broadband has arrived — especially if the carriers can offer competitive data plans.

But Qualcomm’s ambitions don’t stop at 3G. “We see Gobi embedded in laptops as kind of a landing point,” says Concannon. “If Gobi is the first step in overlapping or uniting networks just as we’ve united a CDMA and HSPA network, and as we talk about HSPA Plus and LTE, then this idea of having a multifunction radio that allows the device to receive the least common denominator is kind of an important concept.”

And because wireless technology is kind of pain to embed on a laptop thanks to all the noise generated by the PC motherboard, owning the pre-optimized wireless real estate inside the laptop is an enviable position to be in. Concannon doesn’t see Qualcomm stopping with carrier technology, and mentioned digital television transmission and ultra-mobile broadband as future networking technologies that might find a home on Gobi. Perhaps WiMax too?

Of course, other players could come along with their own firmware and go through the pre-certification process with all of the major carriers, but Qualcomm has a pretty tight relationship with many of the carriers, making such an endeavor a hard slog. It also controls the CDMA intellectual property, meaning any efforts to compete would still enrich Qualcomm on some level.

But given the rancor Qualcomm has stirred in the mobile chipset and handset community, laptop OEMs might want to take a long hard look at what Gobi could mean for them down the road. Qualcomm royalties aren’t cheap.

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STMicro and Ericsson Pin Hopes on the Platform - GigaOM

[…] Ericsson will contribute $1.1 billion to the proposed joint venture as well as its platform technology used in cell phones and modems. STMicro will fund the venture with $1.2 billion in assets. Also in today’s announcement, STMicro said it would buy out the remaining 20 percent stake it holds in its recent joint venture with NXP. The earlier joint venture threatened the top two wireless chip makers Qualcomm and Texas Instruments, while this deal represents more direct competition with Qualcomm’s Gobi platform. […]

Han Lee

Ambitions? I would rather call it a pathetic efforts to branching out its patent stronghold.

Besides its US market focus (CDMA is in zombie mode in other places of the world), the big problem of Gobi is carrier subsidies; why would AT&T or Verizon subsidize a device that could be easily transformed to run on competitor network?

Q dub

Exciting stuff, but is Qualcomm really the only player with the technical capabilities to do this?

Seppo

Just consider the price obfuscation strategies, restrictive practices of the mobile carriers, the obscure, complex intellectual property positions and trading of vendors etc. It is clear that the industry (cartel) and companies like Qualcomm have fought long and hard to prevent cellular wireless becoming a low margin, high volume bitpipe. I don’t think this situation has changed :-(

Ravi

This is a good move by Qualcomm but will only become truly significant if the carriers start to show some flexibility on pricing. The $60 a month flat fee currently required is a non-starter for the vast majority of laptop users. A reasonable per hour or per day fee (not $15) is needed to move wireless data beyond the road warrior portion of the market. I doubt Verizon/AT&T will do this on their own, but perhaps Sprint’s WiMAX launch will force a move towards a more tiered approach to pricing in the laptop data market. Absent that, most users will continue to do without or hunt for free WiFi hotspots.

Stacey Higginbotham

Aman, that’s exactly what it means, with the caveat that the laptop maker and the carrier might for some reason limit the user from a software perspective. Also, the user needs to subscribe to a carrier’s service.

Aman Sehgal

Does this mean one does not need to purchase an external Wireless Internet Card for a laptop?
Do users only need to select an operator for using Wireless Internet?

Anon

Awesome article, looks like a really cool technology platform. Can’t wait to give it a try!

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