113 Comments

Summary:

Last week we reported on the web giants Google, Yahoo and eBay setting aside their differences and joining forces with satellite television providers, demanding that they should have some say in what the FCC does with the 700 MHz spectrum. The spectrum, currently owned by broadcasters, […]

Last week we reported on the web giants Google, Yahoo and eBay setting aside their differences and joining forces with satellite television providers, demanding that they should have some say in what the FCC does with the 700 MHz spectrum.

The spectrum, currently owned by broadcasters, has been used for analog television. But it is set to be turned over to the government in 2009. Due to its broadcast-attractive physics (like its ability to penetrate walls), this spectrum is desirable for both broadband communications in general and public-safety uses in particular.

The FCC has described the 700 MHz as beachfront property, and has talked up the broadband capabilities of this spectrum swath. About 60 MHz of the former UHF (TV) spectrum is going to be reclaimed by the U.S. government and will be reallocated for public safety and commercial broadband networks. The TV channels using this spectrum are going to go dark on Feb. 19, 2009, if all continues as planned.

This is going to be an area of active debate for months to come, and we have prepared a little cheat sheet for you to better understand the past, the present and the future of 700 MHz.

1. The 700 MHz band is divided into two categories – the lower 700 MHz band and the upper 700 MHz band. The lower band is 48 MHz while upper band is 60 MHz.

2. In 2002, FCC re-allocated the 698-746 MHz band (Lower 700 MHz band) that was originally used by TV Channels 52-59. The upper band was for TV Channels 60-69. The reallocations come as FCC pushes hard for the television business to transition to DTV.

3. This is all part of the Ultra High Frequency (UHF) band, which once inspired a movie, UHF, starring Weird Al Yankovic and Michael Richards of Seinfeld. A large swathe of UHF spectrum has been reallocated for different uses. (#)

4. Aloha Partners is the largest owner of lower band 700 MHz spectrum. Qualcomm is another owner of this slice of the spectrum, and is currently deploying its MediaFLO Mobile TV network over these frequencies. Aloha has a plan to use former channels 54 and 59 for its HiWire Mobile TV.

5. In February 2006, the U.S. House of Representatives voted 216-214 and approved a budget package that would require analog television broadcasters to clear the 700 MHz airwaves on Feb. 17, 2009. President George W. Bush signed the transition package into law and approved $1.2 billion in funding for public safety communications.

6. Of the total 60 MHz, 24 MHz of the spectrum is reserved for public safety, while rest is going to be auctioned off. The auctions are expected to fetch $10 billion, though the total could hit the $30 billion mark.

7. Frontline Wireless, a company co-founded by former FCC chairman Reed Hundt, wants to build a contiguous nationwide broadband public safety network that uses 12 MHz from public safety spectrum, and 10 MHz from the commercial spectrum. Frontline rival Cyren Call Communications, started by Nextel founder Morgan O’Brien, has proposed a similar network but that uses 30 MHz of the 60 MHz that is part of the commercial spectrum. Cyren Call wants the government to award it the spectrum, while Frontline plans to bid competitively.

8. How will current analog TV users still get signals once the switch is made? Via set-top converter boxes, which the government will help pay for (each household will be able to apply for two $40 vouchers). This could be the biggest fly in the auction ointment, especially if the transition looks like it won’t go smoothly. Already, the administration is drawing criticism for dragging its feet. Watch for TV commercials to start soon.

9. Alcatel-Lucent have developed a CDMA 2000 system that uses the 700 MHz frequencies and is targeted at the public safety agencies. It has push to talk and multimedia capabilities.

10. According to some estimates, the cost of building a nationwide wireless network over the 700 MHz spectrum is around $2 billion versus a nationwide 1900MHz PCS that costs approximately $4 Billion. The costs are lower in rural areas, due to less interference issues and wide-open spaces. That’s because each tower broadcasting at 700MHz covers twice as many square miles. Some estimates say that a single 700 MHz tower can cover 20-miles. (#)

Further reading: Mobile Radio Technology, Daily Wireless.

You’re subscribed! If you like, you can update your settings

  1. Om, while 700 MHz has superior penetration, aren’t there tradeoff’s in bandwidth vs. 1900 and 2400 MHz?

    1. 1.9 and 2.4 have higher data throughput capabilites

  2. Very informative !

  3. Rob,

    while there seem to be some trade offs, I am not exactly sure on the bandwidth limitations and have a few phone calls out and will answer your question after I get a chance to report some more on this.

    Appreciate your patience!

  4. Rob,

    Absolutely there is a tradeoff in bandwidth. Coverage and penetration are phenomenal, but 700MHz is damn near useless for anything even approaching even the low end of “broadband”. Raindeer explained this very well here, I thought:

    http://gigaom.com/2007/03/09/google-ebay-yahoo-700mhz/#comments

    With similar factors to weigh, this is why so many municipalities and terminals have upgraded from 900 to 2.4 and/or 4.9

    Nice post Om, very informative info on the spectrum. Thanks!
    -Michael

  5. When does satelite telephony re-emerge?

  6. Very informative.

  7. Some basic spectrum tradeoffs:

    • Lower frequencies propagate better and penetrate better
    • Lower frequencies are more spectrally efficient (support more bits/Hertz)

    The flip side of better propagation is that lower frequencies make for a more difficult or more broadly spaced out sprectral re-use plan. Modern mobile networks maximize their spectrum by re-using the same frequency blocks/pairs in non-adjacent cells.

    The physics lead to economics. The UHF band is best suited to sparse and distributed demand sets or broadcast type applications. Thus the discussions about public safety (smaller demand set, lower cost network, value of broad coverage and penetration) and broadcast to mobile devices.

  8. Jesse Kopelman Wednesday, March 14, 2007

    Om, I don’t know who you are calling, but as an actual RF Engineer who has designed and optimized netowrks at 800 MHz, 1.9 GHz, 2.4 GHz, 2.6 GHz, and other frequencies, I can tell you that the above post by H is pretty much spot on as a generality.

  9. Jesse

    First of all you really got to take me off your spam list. I know i trouble you a lot but then, so does everyone else.

    I emailed folks from some of the vendors to get a better sense of the spectrum potential, and also some carriers in case you were interested.

    Also, there might be an email waiting for you somewhere in your trash folder.

    H: thanks for your kind comments and feedback.

  10. OM, does this mean that the GOOG / YHOO / DISH / DTV / EBAY consortium, which was set-up to petition the FCC on the upcoming 700 mhz spectrum auction is just a waste of time (as goes broadband)? In other words, that group, or a sub-set of that group can’t team up to build a broadband network in the 700 mhz band b/c the 700 mhz spectrum doesn’t work well for broadband? If that’s the case, then why would they be petitioning the FCC on it?

  11. If anybody could give some concrete calculations on how much bandwidth one could stuff in 60Mhz of spectrum I would be much obliged. I only have a degree in Public Administration, so for most people I’m not worthy to sharpen pencills ;-) But my understanding has been that jamming more than two bits in the 700 Mhz spectrum is a bit tough, which leave at most 120Mbits in 60Mhz block. One has to share this and therefore as our good friend H sais. Broadcast or maybe, emergency services. Both ofcourse being limited, though probably firefighters would be very happy with having indoor coverage.

  12. Just a quick note to clarify my points earlier.
    700Mhz can be used for traditional commercial mobile type applications. The original US and Canadian cellular networks are at 800MHz so the economics and performance can be reasonable. However, a 700Mhz network is more complex to design and can be more expensive and less efficient, because of spectral reuse challenges, for high demand urban environments than a 1.7Ghz to 2.1Ghz type design. It can be done with a positive business case but it’s not the ideal spectrum for a high traffic dense urban demand set.

    I would think that a greater question regarding the Ebay/Google/etc. interest is whether the US market can support a 5th, 6th, or 7th service provider in a capital intensive business.

  13. Jesse Kopelman Thursday, March 15, 2007

    Raindeer, 60 MHz is plenty of spectrum for a single carrier and could probably support 2 carriers just fine. BUT there is not 60 MHz of spectrum available, there is only 36 MHz that is going to be auctioned off. The 24 MHz that is going to public safety has all kinds of weird rules applied to how it can be channelized that make it unsuitable for things like WiMAX and LTE. This channelization was done so that voice oriented networks would have a consistent set of channels nationwide, but like most things the FCC does, it is based on the technology of 10 years ago, not the technology of today or 5 years from now.

    By the way, here is how I would estimate per cell throughput: Expected efficiency at N=3 reuse is 2 bits/Hz. N=3 reuse means 1/3 of total spectrum per cell. So, for 60 MHz of spectrum, per cell throughput would be 40 Mbps. Once you factor in Layer 2 and 3 overhead you are down to about 30-35 Mbps (note that this is aggregate, not full-duplex).

    PS Om, you are not on MY spam list. I don’t see any e-mails from you in my Comcast screened mail, either. Internet gremlins?

  14. GigaOM » Don’t Fear the DTV Reaper Thursday, March 29, 2007

    [...] from raking in billions of telecom and cable companies’ infrastructure dollars via the auction of their old airwaves. So we need to focus here on promotion and marketing, to better get the word out about where to get [...]

  15. px / DTV transition coupon info. Thursday, March 29, 2007

    [...] you want to learn more about the 700 MHz band aka. the reason we need these new boxes.  Om wrote a very good article on it.)    There is other stuff you could find interesting, but I doubt it.  Here’s the meat; [...]

  16. Jesse, you calculations do not take into consideration the fact that 60 MHz is available for uplink and downlink. If we consider 70:30 for downlink/uplink, the thruput would be even lesser.

    Is there a way to reduce the frequency re-use factor to 2 or 1 ? Smart Antennas may allow a better reuse factor.

    I feel there is no way content providers would bid for beachfront spectrum. Their business model and investors will not allow them to do that (as of today).

    Some of the key motivation for differnt players to bid for this spectrum would be :

    Big 4 : reduce their roaming cost by having own towers in rural areas. For T and VZ, they can provide DSL like service to rural areas too

    Rural carriers: They want a piece of it to survive (lot of their revenue come from roaming). But price of spectrum may make it too expensive for them

    Clearwire : Adds greatest value to their business

    MSO : If they really plan to launch wireless service in AWS, then 15MHz would be too less for them. They will want a piece of 700 party too, to reduce their CAPEX on rural coverage

    any thoughts? comments?

  17. GigaOM » Inside the 700 MHz spectrum land grab Friday, April 6, 2007

    [...] next big spectrum land grab is over 700 Megahertz (MHz.) It’s the promised land of “beachfront property” that broadcasters are set to vacate on [...]

  18. I certainly have more confidence in the FCC to allow higher power radios in this space, the abilities of our engineering teams to use the new MIMO antenna technologies to extend bandwidth and reach on any new 700Mhz systems.
    There is a good economic reason for these Big boys bidding on this spectrum. They would not be playing here if they could not expect significant improvement in bandwidth delivery across these networks. Look what MediaFlo is doing with these new Mobile Broadcast TV networks in 700MHz.
    Keep in mind that we thought 802.11b & g were limited to 20-40Mbps at one time then MIMO (which was considered unrealistic) happened and 802.11n came along with 100-200 Mbps.

    Jacomo

  19. GigaOM » Meeting, Meeting, when’s the FCC Meeting? Wednesday, April 25, 2007

    [...] the FCC set to issue the first set of rules for the upcoming 700 MHz spectrum auction, there was plently of interest in today’s open meeting. However, the monthly FCC gathering, [...]

  20. I am not an engineer, but I do know some of the physics/maths of this. So my question is, how can this possibly provide broadband to a large number of people?

    With a 1000Sq Mile radius per tower and only 35MBs top speed (from someone’s calculation above) and with the average DSL cable connection at 467kbs, how can this possibly provide more than a couple hundred households per tower (1000sq miles, 35MBs/467kbs– that is a population density of 8 people or so per square mile) Even if you assume rural people will settle for a slower (but faster than dial up) connection, that is still only maybe 1000 households you could serve with this per tower. So it’s only good for the very rural areas.

    Now if you gave people a differnt downlink like satellite, using 700MHz for a reliable uplink, maybe that would work.

    But really, am I missing something? I don’t see how this spectrum could be used for anything more than more cell phones and applications that don’t need significant speed?

    Help me understand this you smart engineers out there.

  21. Given the limited usage for mobile broadband why would Google be interested in any of the spectrum in the 700 MHz auction?

  22. Given the recent delays at the FCC meetings, is the 700MHz auction likely to happen by the January 2008 deadline?

  23. GigaOM » Philips Joins White-Space Device Race Wednesday, May 23, 2007

    [...] television analog spectrum won’t be vacated until Feburary 2009, though the noise level around this so-called beachfront spectrum has started to rise. That’s [...]

  24. I would actually prefer to not see the spectrum used for cell service. It just isn’t necessary to have more entrants in that business and it doesn’t support intelligent frequency re-use.

    It has served broadcasters very well for many years and I’d like to see it continue to serve broadcasters in forms such as:

    Terrestrial Subscription Audio Content (Competition to a merged XM/Sirius)

    A Way To Add Additional Local Broadcasters — Ever tried to start a radio station in any major market? The bands could use some breathing room.

    One-Way Data Services To Portable Devices (a la MediaFLO, but additional marketplace competition)

    Positional Services – Additional GPS augmentation/corrections over a localized area for industrial (non-life or death) users. (So we can all have sub-meter directions to the Starbucks.)

  25. I am not sure, but I think that 700 Mhz is in the spectrum in humans absorb the most radio waves. I had a chart handy for that, but I can’t find it…damned.

    There’s still lots of parts of the US without adequate cellular service. This is mostly very rural areas, like northern Maine. There are smaller pockets of inadequate coverage. In these areas, it would be reasonable for cellular to operate.

    In cities, already well-covered by existing cellular infrastructure, it is less reasonable to designate this band for cellular. However, it is useful as it penetrates further into buildings than higher frequencies. I believe that text-messaging services, and other low-bandwidth applications which require high reliability, are the best use of this band. Perhaps part of the 700 mhz could be used for control signals in cellular applications, to help the phone find a working channel in which to send its data (voice content and other high-bandwidth applications such as video).

    In many cities, the part 15 band at 2.4 ghz is completely full. This is a real problem for many wifi users. A small, but dedicated WiFi band within 700 mhz would be a good use of the spectrum, as it provides the most use to the greatest number of people. However, there must be tight regulation of the protocols used within this band to lessen interference. All of these protocols MUST be public domain. I believe that the ever-increasing use of more spectrum for a given wifi connection must be reversed: instead of unreliable “108 mbps” wifi which is a bandwidth hog that doesn’t work, I’d rather see a 1 mbps wifi channel that delivers, throughout difficult conditions, and with low power requirements (to keep laptop batteries running longer).

    There should be channels set aside within this 700 mhz wifi band for rooftop mesh networking. The radios on these bands should be allowed to run at a higher power.

    He have to vocally resist the spectrum-grab by the communications giants. The content providers may find allies in the datacom sector (Cisco, Linksys, Netgear, etc), because a new 700 mhz wifi band would allow them to sell much new equipment. With these combined resources, the communications giants could be more easily defeated.

  26. WebMetricsGuru Wednesday, July 11, 2007

    700mhz – The 700 MHZ Spectrum coming your way soon

    The 700mhz spectrum, whose use is actively coveted by Google, according to John Battelle, in a post called Google On Wireless Auctions and Spectrum Use: Worth Reading, and GigaOM – ie: 700 MHz Explained in 10 Steps covering what the…

  27. One Step Closer to an Open Source Google Phone? Friday, July 20, 2007

    [...] an official letter to FCC Chairman Kevin Martin signaling their intent to bid on the upcoming 700 Mhz range auction provided certain conditions are met. Google is asking for open applications, open devices, [...]

  28. Google & the 700 Mhz Super Spectrum: I Told You the Web Will Take Over Mobile Friday, July 20, 2007

    [...] Man like ability of easily penetrating walls and carrying over long distances. GigaOm has some great background on it. Now it’s license is up for sale and everyone’s salivating over its new uses. [...]

  29. Google & the 700 Mhz Super Spectrum: I Told You the Web Will Take Over Mobile Friday, July 20, 2007

    [...] Man like ability of easily penetrating walls and carrying over long distances. GigaOm has some great background on it. Now it’s license is up for sale and everyone’s salivating over its new uses. [...]

  30. Google, WiMAX and the Bid for 700 MHz « Going WiMAX Monday, July 23, 2007

    [...] a frequency of 2.5GHz. What’s the difference between 2.5 GHz and 700MHz? For one thing, the 700MHz spectrum can cover more area. One estimate is that a single 700MHz tower can cover up to 20 m… This means that creating a nationwide network on 700MHz would require fewer towers and base [...]

  31. The Cell Phone Junkie Show #60 « Mickey Papillon Monday, July 23, 2007

    [...] 700 mhz explained [...]

  32. So, primarily, this band is best utilized in a One (few) to Many) broadcast scenario. Public service, MediaFLow, etc… How would Google capitalize on this as a competitive entrant against C/AT&T, VZW, Etc…? Also, I guess the rumored GooglePhone would run on 700Mhz.. if So, would it likely be VOIP? which back to bandwidth and uplink speeds, wouldn’t work on this network.. sorry for the random nature of this but I’m very interested in the comments… Thx

  33. You say “The lower band is 48 MHz while upper band is 60 MHz”

    But 794-746 = 48
    Are you sure the spectrum picture above is an upper band picture.

    I guess the picture is depicting the lower band.

  34. netzpolitik.org: » USA: Google will Netzneutralität erkaufen » Aktuelle Berichterstattung rund um die politischen Themen der Informationsgesellschaft. Wednesday, August 1, 2007

    [...] des Volkes versteigert die Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 700 Megahertz Lizenzen. Um die 700 MHz herum liegt der Frequenzbereich der Dezimeterwellen. Das analoge US-Fernsehen sendet bis 2009 auf [...]

  35. Xavier Casanova Thursday, August 2, 2007

    Remarkable post!

  36. Problems with tmobile hot spot? sounds fantastic and CHEAP!!!!! David Pogue loves it but ????? the “real” story…

  37. Mike O’Connor on 700 Mhz Spectrum Aution « Blandin on Broadband Sunday, August 5, 2007

    [...] 700 MHz Explained in 10 Steps – a nice intro to the whole topic of spectrum. (The comments here are fun to read too.) [...]

  38. [...] 8, 2007Glossary 700 mHz  explained in 10 steps on Gigaom [?] Share This Filed under Uncategorized by admin Permalink • Print [...]

  39. Nokia Siemens Networks Positioned to Deliver Best-In-Class Solutions For 700 Mhz Spectrum Band in The United States | Zoobos Wednesday, August 8, 2007

    [...] Siemens Networks today announced its support for the 700 MHz spectrum band that will be auctioned by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in early 2008. The FCC set [...]

  40. Will anyone be able to use the upper 60 MHz, more specifically the 36 MHz commercial and the 24 MHz public safety allocation prior to the TV stations vacating the spectrum in February 2009?

    I’m more concerned about the 24 MHz frequency and whether there is or will be any use of that space prior to Feb 2009.

    If so, I’m curious who and what.

    Thanks.

    J.

  41. Apple Eyes the Wireless Auction – Overclock.net – Overclocking.net Monday, September 10, 2007

    [...] And so apple is interested in it, still sorta confused but its fine. This might help some: http://gigaom.com/2007/03/14/700mhz-explained/ Numerous companies are interested in the private sector of it, like Google and all of the telco [...]

  42. iPhone: vendite, 3G, Europa, Apple 700 MHz | Stalkk.ed Friday, September 14, 2007

    [...] di Apple all’asta pubblica statunitense per l’aggiudicazione di una porzione dello spettro dei 700 MHz, stante la volontà dell’azienda di Cupertino di lanciare autonomamente propri servizi di [...]

  43. Opinion on Verizon Suing FCC on 700mHZ – BlackBerryForums.com : Your Number One BlackBerry Community Thursday, September 27, 2007

    [...] but it looks like its in the people best interest that they do not succeed (unless you own them). 700 MHz Explained in 10 Steps « GigaOM Good articles explaining the ideas being tossed around for the spectrum and the potential of it. [...]

  44. iForgetaboutit

    I’ve been a Mac user for years, and (generally) happily so. I’m not an Apple fanboy, but I do appreciate the combination of good hardware and software design found in Macs. When the iPhone came out, some people I knew…

  45. The Third Screen » Blog Archive » Former FCC Chairman Hundt Deals Poetic Justice to Verizon Tuesday, October 2, 2007

    [...] Wireless, the 700Mhz hopeful and employer of former FCC Chairman Reed Hundt, has asked the FCC to exclude Verizon from [...]

  46. James Seng’s Blog : Blog Archive : Asia: Broadband and US: 700Mhz Sunday, October 7, 2007

    [...] The debate on 700mhz auction is heating up. GigaOm has a great intro article on 700Mhz. It is extremely attractive because (1) 60Mhz is up for grab and (2) 700Mhz has great propagation [...]

  47. ReelSmart.com :: Video, Technology, Digital LifeStyle, Macintosh Tips, and Opinions » AT&T Buys 700MHz Spectrum Licenses for $2.5 Billion Tuesday, October 9, 2007

    [...] What to know more about the 700MHz Spectrum? See the excellent post on GigaOm 700 MHz Explained in 10 Steps [...]

  48. ReelSmart.com :: Video, Technology, Digital LifeStyle, Macintosh Tips, and Opinions » AT&T Buys 700MHz Spectrum Licenses for $2.5 Billion Tuesday, October 9, 2007

    [...] What to know more about the 700MHz Spectrum? See the excellent post on GigaOm 700 MHz Explained in 10 Steps [...]

  49. 700 MHz Scenarios

    DailyWireless has an interesting article on the various 700 MHz scenarios that might play out when FCC auctions out this spectrum early next year.
    A good primer on the 700 MHz spectrum is available at GigaOM.
    Google (GOOG) and the telecom companies – …

  50. Much of the discussion above concerning the improved propogation of 700 MHz is true. However, clearly a lower frequency, all things being equal carries less analog info than a higher one. Depending on coding/modulation techniques and associated quantization that will be employed in the 700 MHz range, both spectral effeciency and hence overall throughput can be improved. While physics puts contraints on what can be done, using different QAM and a myriad of engineering tricks can make a 700 MHz signal carry a receivable signal just as well as 1.9 Ghz and higher. Depending on the POP/AP density, you can arrive at a happy medium of throughput per user. Good luck achieving the same with 2.4 Ghz without 50 – 75 nodes per square mile…

  51. Google’s Internet Plan at FishTrain.com Wednesday, October 10, 2007

    [...] Google bids, along with Verizon and a host of other companies, in the FCC’s 700 MHz wireless spectrum auction, AT&T has managed to bypass the fray by purchasing $2.5 Billion in 700 MHz wireless [...]

  52. Verizon Halts Its Push Against 700Mhz ‘Openness’ Rules Thursday, October 25, 2007

    [...] I have to say, I expected Verizon’s dispute with the open, Google-proposed terms for the 700MHz auction (scheduled to occur in January) to stretch well into the red, but apparently the telco has [...]

  53. I have been providing 700 MHz wireless broadband access since 2003. I helped test the first 700 MHz transverter for Vyyo. I have deployed multiple sites using both Airspan and Vyyo equipment. The biggest issue I have with 700 MHz is its propagation. It is too good in many instances. Frequency reuse and self interference are a real issue. My company has been particularly plagued by tropospheric ducting (a phenomenon created by atmospheric temperature inversion). The 700 MHz noise floor can raise by 50+ db in a split second. If you are looking into 700 MHz equipment, DO YOUR HOMEWORK. Test the equipment. Make them prove it does all they say. Install one head end and test it thoroughly before buying the whole package. Do some research on tropospheric ducting http://www.dxinfocentre.com/tropo.html

  54. media theory » FCC EM spectrum auctions, the 700 MHz spectrum, and Google Wednesday, October 31, 2007

    [...] process we talked about today regarding the about 60MHz of the 700MHz band. Om Malik has a summary of the auction taking place. The FCC’s website also has a good, brief overview of the auction process. Of particular [...]

  55. Google’s Still All Over the News at RunawayJim.org Wednesday, October 31, 2007

    [...] system for a phone.  This, unfortunately, does not tie together with their interest in the 700 MHz spectrum.  However, there is now talk of Google talking to Verizon, Sprint, and T-Mobile about [...]

  56. Colortone Media: Music, Technology, Art, Economy » And you thought Google was awesome already… Wednesday, October 31, 2007

    [...] are not going to miss on this either, [...]

  57. Brett Tarnutzer Thursday, November 1, 2007

    Things are heating up so quickly in large part because of the FCC’s anti-collusion rules which kick into effect on December 3 (the final day to file applications to be in the 700 MHz auction). Once the filing deadline hits, applicants who have not reached (and disclosed) agreements cannot speak to each other about the 700 MHz spectrum until the auction is over and final payments come in. So, while the auction starts January 24, the talking stops on December 3, so everyone is rushing to get their deals made now.

  58. Back to the Paper Bag Monday, November 5, 2007

    [...] what the 700 Megahertz (MHz) brouhaha is all about. There, about 60 MHz of choice beachfront property will go on sale by January [...]

  59. Question: Regarding the auction of the 700MHz band… can someone who aquires this use it for radio broadcast? Is it mandatory cell-related use?

    Would appreciate a reply. Thanks.

    Misty

  60. Should Sprint Send Silicon Valley a Super Poke? « GigaOM Sunday, November 11, 2007

    [...] wireless broadband network, following the rules similar to the ones proposed by Google for the 700 MHz auction. Most of these companies are sitting on mountains of cash and could put it to good use by breaking [...]

  61. Google from the 700 MHz point of view Friday, November 16, 2007

    [...] GigaOm : 700 Mhz explained in 10 steps [...]

  62. trademark registration Saturday, November 24, 2007

    I hope we start to see more open bands becoming available to the general public in the same way that WiFi has become generally available. Just look at how successful, widely adopted, and useful WiFi is nowadays, and how it is able to be used and shared by everyone. It’s really where we should be heading.

  63. BNET Intercom mobile edition Tuesday, November 27, 2007

    [...] the company vehemently opposed open access mandates in the upcoming 700 MHz spectrum auction, this comes as a huge surprise. But Verizon isn’t merely accepting the auction’s [...]

  64. Verizon to Open Their Cellular Network to Any Device · cavemonkey50.com Tuesday, November 27, 2007

    [...] someone could argue Verizon is pinned down with the 700 MHz spectrum auction, Google’s upcoming Android mobile platform, and Apple’s iPhone changing the cellular [...]

  65. we just got an offer from our mobile carrier. they have a tower on our land that they lease from us. they want to buy the lease for $100,000 for 40 years. even if the carrier merges or collapses, they would still pay us for the lease. is this a good idea, or should we hold out for something better?? just curious. if anyone can help, please. thx.

  66. So Google Will Bid For Spectrum. Will It Play To Win? – GigaOM Friday, November 30, 2007

    [...] 700 MHz explained in 10 easy steps. [...]

  67. Google to become wireless carrier? » SEO Archive Friday, November 30, 2007

    [...] “According to some estimates, the cost of building a nationwide wireless network over the 700 MHz spectrum is around $2 billion versus a nationwide 1900MHz PCS that costs approximately $4 Billion.” – Gigaom [...]

  68. What would Google do with the wireless frequencies? – Ask… Saturday, December 1, 2007

    [...] is sparking speculation on what they’ll do with the airwaves if they win. Blogger Om Malik breaks down the process and sees the potential for a broadband communications network. Robert X. Cringely, a [...]

  69. Crazy idea: 700 MHz may be better suited to challenge cable/satellite operators, not mobile operators. « blog Thursday, December 20, 2007

    [...] television. One tower can serve large areas. One 700 MHz tower can serve a geographic area that would require 4 or more towers when using higher frequencies (some mobile operators user 1600 MHz [...]

  70. what is mega harz

  71. Michael Talbert Monday, January 14, 2008

    Have you heard of the White Spaces Coalition? Google, MS and others trying to get the FCC to open up the white space between chanels in the 2/698MHZ range for broadband.

    How do you think this range would be bandwidth wise?

  72. 700 MHz Auction Update – GigaOM Tuesday, January 15, 2008

    [...] 700 MHz Explained in 10 Steps Share/Send Sphere Print Previous Post [...]

  73. Why Rudy Giuliani Should Not Be The Next President, Part II « Pat’s Daily Grind Friday, January 18, 2008

    [...] agree with this as well. The opening of the 700MHz band and the reservation of a substantial chunk of it for public safety purposes is an excellent [...]

  74. 8 Things to Know About the 700MHz Auction – GigaOM Wednesday, January 23, 2008

    [...] of coal, here’s a quick list of everything you need to know about the upcoming auction and why it matters. Check out all the links, because the bidding doesn’t conclude until March 24 and down [...]

  75. Cloudy Thinking » Blog Archive » Om Malik Explains 700 MHz Tradeoffs Friday, January 25, 2008

    [...] If you’re following the ongoing auction by the FCC of the 700 MHz spectrum, Om Malik presents useful background on 700 MHz technical tradeoffs. [...]

  76. 700mhz? Too bad it isnt as easy as it was back in the analog days of the 800mhz… heard some very interesting conversations via the radio shack scanner back then. anyone recall those days?

  77. Why SEOs should care about the US spectrum auctions | Distilled blog Sunday, January 27, 2008

    [...] GigaOM has more on the technical details. [...]

  78. » Sanity check: The 700 MHz auction will tip the wireless balance, but in which direction? | Tech Sanity Check | TechRepublic.com Monday, January 28, 2008

    [...] 700 MHz explained in 10 steps (GigaOm) [...]

  79. TechThoughts.org | DTV deadline? The end is not so near, maybe. Monday, January 28, 2008

    [...] Did you see your local EMT or fire company in there? Ha. Didn’t think so. It will be some other company that makes gear to work in the tiny-little hole that the FCC left on two of the eight former UHF channels. There’s more info here. [...]

  80. Will 3rd Pipe Dreams Come True? – GigaOM Tuesday, January 29, 2008

    [...] likelihood of a joint venture grows with each passing round of the 700 MHz auction. There is a good chance that one of the larger telecom operators (Verizon or AT&T) is going to [...]

  81. What is the 700 MHz Spectrum? | ClubGPhone Friday, February 1, 2008

    [...] [10 steps via GigaOM] [...]

  82. Cable and Broadcasters Align to Fight FCC – GigaOM Thursday, February 7, 2008

    [...] at 10:36 AM PT Comments (0) The switch to digital cable isn’t just yielding a multibillion spectrum auction, it’s also prompting cable companies and broadcasters to join forces and fight against a [...]

  83. How to prepare for Digital TV in 2009 quik start – Adwords articles Thursday, February 21, 2008

    [...] happened to the analog signal / Airwaves ? = This signal travels over a slice of air known as the 700Mhz spectrum. Starting on 1/24/2008 and as of the time of this post, this slice of air is being auctioned [...]

  84. Spicybiscotti » Blog Archive » Hold On To Your Mobiles: 700mhz Auction Ends Tuesday, March 18, 2008

    [...] areas and penetrates walls. True nationwide high-speed wireless could be just beyond the horizon. GigaOM has a great breakdown of the spectrum and The Register has a fantastic article about the value of [...]

  85. What is with the public safety chunk and so much of it? I do not see were that much is needed. I am upset with the FCC and things like in band digital radio. Never years ago would the FCC have approved HD radio using in band as they have.
    Internet over power lines is another thing they should have laughed at like it was a joke.
    With the digital switch i know many people that have TV now but will not with the TV switch to Digital. They will be forced to go to satellite TV and many people because of trees ect. cannot do that.
    In my home in over 30 years of off air tv i have never had loss of analog signal but now with Digital it cuts out sometimes for hours.
    It is not because i do not have a good antenna because i have the best and a super low noise booster. I have tried many and am using what works best. They were analog UHF channels as are the digital ones.

  86. AccuraCast Search Daily News Tuesday, March 25, 2008

    Google Loses Wireless Spectrum Auction To Verizon

    Verizon turned out to be the biggest spender at the recently concluded 700 MHz wireless spectrum auction, out-bidding even Google. They spent an estimated $9.6 billion to buy over a large chunk of the spectrum that was auctioned by the FCC.
    Traditiona…

  87. The spectrum isnt “owned” by broadcasters, it’s public property.

  88. Satellite Mergers Ahead? – GigaOM Saturday, March 29, 2008

    [...] combined with incumbents such as Verizon and AT&T winning much of the spectrum on offer in the 700 MHz auction, means we’re likely see M&A among the major satellite players in the coming [...]

  89. March 21, 2008 | TechTV Update Friday, April 4, 2008

    [...] wish for an open source network, and they’ll be able to take advantage of the spectrum once television vacates the [...]

  90. So this is where all the overly smart people hide Sunday, April 20, 2008

    I haven’t heard so much, yet learned so very little, in quite some time…

    “…maximize their spectrum by re-using the same frequency blocks/pairs in non-adjacent cells.”

    “It can be done with a positive business case but it’s not the ideal spectrum for a high traffic dense urban demand set.”

    “Depending on coding/modulation techniques and associated quantization that will be employed in the 700 MHz range, both spectral effeciency and hence overall throughput can be improved.”

    “Frequency reuse and self interference are a real issue. My company has been particularly plagued by tropospheric ducting (a phenomenon created by atmospheric temperature inversion).”

  91. LiTechSci » Blog Archive » King Street is Local Winner Friday, June 6, 2008

    [...] are the winners of the local (Portland, ME) 700 MHz auction. For those not familiar with it, 700 MHz is the spectrum that is currently being used by [...]

  92. TMTOWTDI » Browsers & the Web, part 3: Ubiquitous Access Friday, September 26, 2008

    [...] 700 MHz band (also know as the UHF band). This band is extremely valuable because according to some estimates it would possibly allow for network towers with a range twice that of current cell phone towers [...]

  93. TMTOWTDI » Browsers & the Web, part 3: Ubiquitous Access Friday, September 26, 2008

    [...] 700 MHz band (also know as the UHF band). This band is extremely valuable because according to some estimates it would possibly allow for network towers with a range twice that of current cell phone towers [...]

  94. Browsers & the Web, part 4: Ubiquitous Access « EWS New Media Blog Friday, September 26, 2008

    [...] 700 MHz band (also know as the UHF band). This band is extremely valuable because according to some estimates it would possibly allow for network towers with a range twice that of current cell phone towers [...]

  95. I am shocked, SHOCKED to learn … « the Chief Seattle Geek blog Saturday, December 13, 2008

    [...] 1: Congress authorized the removal of UHF television channels 52 through 69, freeing 108 megahertz of spectrum in the 700 megahertz [...]

  96. Triad 700, not Verizon Wireless getting Block ‘C’ licenses | Spectrum of Greed Sunday, January 11, 2009

    [...] the FCC placed on the spectrum if the bid exceeded 4.6 Billion will be achieved.  Om Malik has a great explanation of the spectrum here.  Those requirements were that they had to allow all devices and all applications. Share and [...]

  97. Пресата presata.com» Blog Archive » Verizon Promises More Coverage with 4G Than It Now Provides With 3G [4G Wireless] Wednesday, April 1, 2009

    [...] as some wise nerd commenter from one of Om’s 700MHz stories pointed out a couple years back, the tradeoff with lower frequency is that because it travels so [...]

  98. Verizon Promises More Coverage with 4G Than It Now Provides With 3G [4G Wireless] | Ink and Virtue Thursday, April 2, 2009

    [...] as some wise nerd commenter from one of Om’s 700MHz stories pointed out a couple years back, the tradeoff with lower frequency is that because it travels so [...]

  99. Verizon Promises More Coverage with 4G Than It Now Provides With 3G [4G Wireless] | syntech software tech blog Thursday, April 2, 2009

    [...] as some wise nerd commenter from one of Om’s 700MHz stories pointed out a couple years back, the tradeoff with lower frequency is that because it travels so [...]

  100. GigategyVerizon Promises More Coverage with 4G Than It Now Provides With 3G [4G Wireless] Saturday, April 4, 2009

    [...] as some wise nerd commenter from one of Om’s 700MHz stories pointed out a couple years back, the tradeoff with lower frequency is that because it travels so [...]

  101. Slow Wired Broadband Could Choke LTE Femtocells Wednesday, April 15, 2009

    [...] both of which have spectrum in the 700 MHz band — will even need 4G femtocells, given how well that spectrum penetrates buildings. On the speed side, even though ISPs are deploying fiber or wideband cable through DOCSIS 3.0, both [...]

  102. Towerstream Blog » Blog Archive » Georgians Bridge the Broadband Gap Friday, May 1, 2009

    [...] over the years, obtaining several million dollars in government grants and spectrum, including the 700 MHz license for its [...]

  103. At Long Last, the DTV Transition Is Upon Us Thursday, June 11, 2009

    [...] After a fourth-month delay, the DTV transition, which will enable several services to run on the 700 MHz spectrum that had long been used for analog TV, will kick off tomorrow. For the string of companies affected by the delay, it will be a sweet way [...]

  104. The next great Technology Supernova is coming | Silvexis Monday, July 6, 2009

    [...] up as demand for their hardware starts to return to late 90’s levels. Lets not forget the 700Mhz UHF spectrum that just got opened up with the end of analog TV broadcasts as well. I think how this [...]

  105. In cities, already well-covered by existing cellular infrastructure, it is less reasonable to designate this band for cellular. However, it is useful as it penetrates further into buildings than higher frequencies. I believe that text-messaging services, and other low-bandwidth applications which require high reliability, are the best use of this band. Perhaps part of the 700 mhz could be used for control signals in cellular applications, to help the phone find a working channel in which to send its data (voice content and other high-bandwidth applications such as video).

  106. T-Mobile Considering Licensing 4G Network, Expect Higher Prices | Techgeist Wednesday, September 23, 2009

    [...] bidder gets it. Clearwire’s business model is to license its right to certain parts of the 700 Mhz spectrum to other companies, allowing Clearwire and others in the business to keep the prices high. Thus it [...]

  107. are there any health/safety implications from this change?

  108. I believe the key in this delima is how we modulate the signals in these particular bands. The modification of MIMO antennas and modification 802.xx protocols using better OPSK modulations will intertwine themselves into the 700mhz ring of play.

  109. quikstarts » Blog Archive » How to prepare for Digital TV in 2009 Monday, January 4, 2010

    [...] happened to the analog signal / Airwaves ? = This signal travels over a slice of air known as the 700Mhz spectrum. Starting on 1/24/2008 and as of the time of this post, this slice of air is being auctioned [...]

  110. » Verizon says 4-G service on track for rollout around Boston :: Granite Geek :: NashuaTelegraph.com Monday, February 15, 2010

    [...] uses the 700 MHz spectrum left over from the analog TV spectrum. Peak speeds have been reported at 60 Mbps (says Gizmodo). CNet adds the kicker: The next bit of [...]

  111. Spectrum Re-Allocation Explained « From Inside the Shark Tank Wednesday, June 2, 2010

    [...] was broadcast using the lower end of the 700MHz spectrum (598-806 MHz). With the shut-off, the government reclaimed 60 MHz of the ultra-high frequency spectrum and announced their plans to auction off the [...]

  112. Will We Soon Have Gigantic Wireless Hotspots? Wednesday, September 1, 2010

    [...] situation arose a few years ago as part of the transition to digital television in the U.S.:  certain frequencies were freed up for non-television use. Indeed, the 700 MHz spectrum auction netted nearly $20 billion as Verizon, AT&T and others [...]

Comments have been disabled for this post